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16. MEDICINE AND HEALTH CARE


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12242. Distributing the Benefits and Burdens of Medical Research.

The essay argues that the benefits (e.g., information, drugs, professional care) and the burdens (e.g., being a research subject, being subject to the requirements and coverage limitations entailed within managed care programs and HMO's) of taxpayer-funded medical research in the United States should be distributed primarily in accordance with egalitarian accounts of justice which place emphasis on equal access to the goods in life that every rational person values. 5 pages, 6 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.
  $35
 

12241. Ethical Issues in Physician-Assisted Dying.

This essay argues that while it is possible to justifiably make moral judgments about the moral rightness or wrongness of the acts performed by physicians who illegally engage in either voluntary active euthanasia or assisted suicide, such judgments must be made on a case-by-case basis and are fundamentally influenced both by the autonomy, physical health and wishes of the patient as well as by the underlying motivations and specific actions of the physicians. 5 pages, 10 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.
  $35
 

12240. Alcoholic Families: Does Heredity Play a Role?

This paper reviews the literature on the hereditary etiology of alcoholism. Concludes that the evidence provided by twin and adoption studies, as well as more recent evidence culled from genetic research, makes a strong case that heredity plays an important role in an individualís propensity towards alcohol abuse and alcoholism. Keywords: alcoholism causes genetic family. 7 pages, 12 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.
  $49
 

12238. Dr. Kevorkian and the Ethics of Assisted Suicide.

Examines the religious and social issues of assisted suicide, focusing on Dr. Jack Kevorkian. Legal, moral, and professional ethics of helping suicide are discussed. 6 pages, 7 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.
  $42
 

12237. Medicare: Past, Present and Future.

This paper provides a review and assessment of Medicare. The analysis reviews the history and intent of the Medicare legislation; examines its impact in terms of beneficiaries, health care providers and the health care system in general; considers the extent to which it has fulfilled its original purpose; analyzes the unintended consequences of the legislation; assesses its problems and their impact on particular interest groups; and considers likely steps toward reform and further legislation. 23 pages, 69 footnotes, 34 bibliographic sources.
  $133
 

12236. Moral Requirements for Autonomy and the Case of Barney Clark and the Artificial Heart.

Are the more requirements of respecting the autonomy of all persons universally applicable in all cultures, or are they restricted to the culture(s) in which they heave been explicitly adopted? Through an analysis of a medical ethics case concerning Barney Clark, the first patient to have an artificial heart transplanted "and live to tell about it," this paper argues that these moral requirements are universally applicable. 5 pages, 7 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.
  $35
 

12203. Bubonic Plague: The Black Death.

A description and short history of the bubonic plague epidemic of 1347-1351. The disease, mortality rates, and social and economic effects of the epidemic are reviewed. 11 pages, 22 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.
  $77
 

12159. Osha Regulations on Worker Illness & Injury Prevention: A Case Analysis of the Hospitality Industry.

This paper presents an overview and analysis of current and proposed OSHA standards and guidelines on employee illness and injury prevention, with specific attention to its application in the hospitality (hotel and restaurant) industry. Following a brief overview of OSHA and its legal authority over worker safety and illness/injury prevention, the analysis examines the basic requirements of an employee illness and injury prevention program within the hospitality industry. In addition to examining the current requirements related to hazardous materials, worker safety issues, bloodborne pathogens, and other issues, the investigation also assesses the implications for the hospitality industry related to proposed standards on indoor air quality, ergonomics, and workplace violence. 11 pages, 34 footnotes, 21 bibliographic sources.
  $77
 

12127. Social Responsibility in the Pharmaceutical Industry.

This paper investigates social responsibility (or the lack thereof) within the pharmaceutical industry, looking specifically at issues surrounding research and product development, pricing, and marketing. Concludes that the industry has met its social obligations (as defined by Friedman) of profit maximization, but has failed to meets its social responsibility to develop and market safe and effective products at a price which does not deprive major segments of the population from effective medical treatment. 10 pages, 36 footnotes, 22 bibliographic sources.
  $70
 

12059. Human Immunity and Nutrition.

Through a qualitative review of the current literature on human immunity and nutrition, this investigation makes the case that good nutrition and a healthy diet strengthen the immune system. Considers five major themes: 1) the general relationship between nutrition, diet and the human immune system function; 2) nutrition and infection; 3) nutrition and immune function in the elderly; 4) nutrition in cancer prevention and treatment; and 5) nutrition in the modulation of the immune response in HIV and AIDS. A 6-page, 42-item annotated bibliography follows the text. 33 pages, 153 footnotes, 42 bibliographic sources.
  $133
 

12058. The Organic Basis of Misidentification Syndromes: Reduplicative Paramnesia and Capgras Syndrome.

Reviews the current neuropsychiatric literature on reduplicative syndromes - focusing on Capgras and reduplicative paramnesia (RP) - examining their underlying pathology and assessing current models of etiology. Provides an overview of the case literature on the definitions, classifications, and pathological features of these syndromes. Looks at the theoretical and empirical literature investigating the etiology of the syndromes, focusing particularly on organic explanations. 13 pages, 53 footnotes, 23 bibliographic sources.
  $91
 

12057. Asbestos: Medical, Legal & Regulatory Aspects.

Following a brief historical background on the composition and applications of asbestos, this paper considers the major medical, legal and regulatory issues surrounding asbestos use and asbestos-related disease. Includes discussion of major asbestos-related diseases, consideration of significant asbestos product liability cases (including Manville Corp.) And discussion of OSHA and other federal regulations on asbestos exposure and asbestos abatement. 17 pages, 48 footnotes, 20 bibliographic sources.
  $119
 

12056. Rating a Company's Healthcare Package.

Provides a thorough analysis of an institution's (private university/medical center) employee health care package, considering both employer and employee needs. Points out the shortcomings of the plan and makes recommendations for modifications. 22 pages, 24 footnotes, 24 bibliographic sources.
  $133
 

12055. Designing a Wellness Program for a 500-Employee Corporation.

Designs an employee health promotion - or "wellness" program - for a hypothetical company with 500 employees, two-thirds of whom are classified as blue collar. The paper begins with an "overture to management" which presents the basic rationale and argument in favor of implementing a wellness program as well as a general overview of sample components of typical programs. The analysis then proceeds step-by-step through the planning, design, and implementation stages of the program. 13 pages, 45 footnotes, 28 bibliographic sources.
  $91
 

12054. The Advantages and Disadvantages of Vegetarianism in Terms of Health.

Defines different types of begetarians and gives various reasons why people turn to the diet. Covers advantages (less fat, fewer calories, more fiber) and disadvantages (protein and vitamin deficiencies). Argues that vegetarianism is good for one's health as long as precautions are taken to make sure the body receives an adequate amount of nutrients. 11 pages, 32 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.
  $77
 

12053. A Personal Perspective on Healing and the Healer.

Describes and assesses Barbara Sullivan's (1989) approach to psychotherapy and then demonstrates, via a review of the literature, how Sullivan's approach applies to the writer's own emerging style of working with patients. Considers and offers opinion on what constitutes healing, how one works as a healer, how healing is manifested and fostered, and who and what are healed. 10 pages, 27 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.
  $70
 

11979. Tobacco Companies and the Ethics of Manufactured Addiction.

This paper analyzes the ethical crisis within the tobacco industry surrounding nicotine addiction. Following an overview of the evidence on the nicotine's addictiveness (via manipulation of nicotine level in cigarettes to keep smokers hooked), the concluding analysis considers the ethical implications of the tobacco industry's behavior. 12 pages, 29 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources.
  $84
 

11894. Mitochondrial Dna as a Genetic Marker.

Discusses the mitochondria's role in creating protein and energy. Covers evolutionary theories based upon DNA hereditary linkages and diseases linked to mutations in the mitochondrial DNA. 5 pages, 16 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.
  $35
 

11893. Dropping Dental Amalgam: Time for a New Era in Restorative Dentistry.

Through an analysis of the case against amalgam and the case in favor of amalgam's alternatives, this paper demonstrates that amalgam should and will be eliminated from dental practice both because of the health and environmental problems associated with it and because of the existence of superior alternative filling materials which better fit the new paradigm of preventative, "total oral health" dentistry. 18 pages, 59 footnotes, 22 bibliographic sources.
  $126
 

11725. Anorexia Nervosa.

Provides a brief overview of the eating disorder. Describes the disorder in terms of its central clinical and diagnostic features, discusses its occurrence and typical age of onset, details how anorexia interferes with patient's day-to-day functioning, looks at ego defenses and other psychological manifestations of the disorder, and presents recommended treatment strategies. 5 pages, 23 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.
  $35
 

11712. Treatment of Major Depression.

An overview of the major treatment strategies for major depression in adults. Considers preliminary assessment needs along with the specific psychotherapeutic, medication and other (ECT) interventions. 7 pages, 19 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.
  $49
 

11623. The Ethics of Euthanasia.

Thorough pro-and-con treatment of euthanasia, including history, medical ethics arguments on both sides, American law, Oregon initiative 1994, Holland's law. concludes neither side can accept either compromise or surrender. 20 pages, 41 footnotes, 20 bibliographic sources.
  $133
 

11562. Parkinson's Disease.

This paper provides a brief summary and overview of Parkinson's disease, considering its clinical profile, epidemiology, etiology, risk factors and treatment strategies. 6 pages, 15 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.
  $42
 

11548. Children Prenatally Exposed to Drugs: Implications for the Early Childhood Classroom.

Following a review and analysis of the literature on the behavioral and developmental outcomes of young children prenatally exposed to illicit drugs, the analysis considers the implications for early childhood educators and examines appropriate intervention strategies. Points to the danger of labelling these children as biologically doomed to failure and makes the case that after age 3, environmental risks take precedence of the children's initial drug exposure. 16 pages, 41 footnotes, 22 bibliographic sources.
  $112
 

11444. Women and Aids in Thailand.

Following a brief overview of the epidemiology of AIDS in Thailand, including estimates of current prevalence and directions of disease expansion, the analysis turns to a specific examination of Thai women and AIDS and/or at high risk for contracting AIDS. The role of cultural, economic and social factors are considered. Government efforts at prevention and women's responses are considered. Makes recommendations on policy changes. 17 pages, 41 footnotes in text, 17 bibliographic sources.
  $119
 

11438. Shellfish and Disease.

An overview of diseases in humans which can be traced to the consumption or handling of shellfish. Focuses on shellfish-related diseases commonly found in North America. Reviews the major diseases, causal factors, and examines strategies and steps for disease prevention. 6 pages, 15 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.
  $42
 

11436. Women and Cancer: Breast Cancer Challenges & Controversies.

Profiles the incidence, mortality and survival rates for women diagnosed with breast cancer. Racially and economically-based differences in breast cancer survival and incidence rates are discussed. Risk factors, including heredity, childbearing, oral contraceptive use, environmental hazards and dietary factors are discussed. Conclusion looks at the controversy surrounding the NCI's recommendations on mammography. 11 pages, 28 footnotes, 16 bibliographic sources.
  $77
 

11385. A Case of Aids Discrimination: Employer Liability for Reduction of Health Benefits.

Summary and analysis of McGann v. H&H Music Co., a U.S. Court of Appeals case involving an employee who sued his employer for discrimination under Section 510 of ERISA after the employer reduced health benefit coverage for AIDS. 5 pages, 5 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.
  $35
 

11356. Aids and African Development by Martha Ainsworth and Mead Over.

A review of the existing research on the scope and potential impact of the AIDS epidemic in Sub-Sarahan Africa. Ainsworth and Over take issue with methodologically flawed studies and point out the lack of information making it difficult to estimate what the impact of this will be. 7 pages, 9 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.
  $49
 

11312. Sperm - Egg Interaction.

Detailed discussion of composition of sperm and fertilization process. Research literature is surveyed and implications of research for facilitating fertility or in vitro procedures are discussed. 11 pages, 30 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.
  $77
 

11288. Piaget's Theory of Development and the Chronically Ill Child.

Presents Piaget's theory concerning the development of a child. Considers statistics relating childhood illness to developmental impediments and reviews several studies and their findings. 5 pages, 14 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.
  $35
 

11280. Psychological Functioning and Aging.

This paper critically examines the proposition that psychological functioning does not deteriorate with age. Reviews theories on aging and cognitive changes and analyzes current research on the topic. Includes the results of six interviews. Concludes that cognitive decline of some type ("slowing" of intellectual processes and memory deficits) is inevitable even in "successful aging." Includes analysis on factors known to be associated with more and less rapid cognitive declines among the elderly. 16 pages (+ interviews), 45 footnotes in text, 20 bibliographic sources.
  $112
 

11232. Children's Literature and Its Usefulness for Reducing Children's Medical Anxiety.

This paper describes how various types of childrenís books can be used to help children overcome their fear of medical treatment in a doctorís office or in a hospital. Several books in this genre are described and discussed. Keywords: fear anxiety children doctors medicine stories. 7 pages; 15 footnotes; 10 bibliographic sources.
  $49
 

11210. Cognitive-Behavioral Approaches to the Treatment of Alcoholism.

An overview and analysis of the cognitive-behavioral approach to alcoholism treatment. Compares and contrasts the behavioral model with the widely accepted "disease model" and considers the implications of these differences for treatment. Reviews main treatment modalities and their effectiveness. Contrasts effectiveness of behavioral treatment with non-behavioral methods. Considers controlled drinking controversy and speculates on the reasons why cognitive-behavioral approaches have not been more widely accepted. 9 pages, 30 footnotes, 22 bibliographic sources.
  $63
 

11209. Critique of an Article in Nursing.

Criticizes article by Ahijevych and Bernard (1994) that states that lack of information concerning health behaviors on part of African American women leads to poor care for this group. 7 pages, 5 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.
  $49
 

11206. Breakthrough in Colon Cancer Research.

Links genetic defects to colon cancer and describes the results of recent research that strongly supports a genetic basis for this particular form of cancer. 5 pages, 0 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.
  $35
 

11165. Model Research Design Analyzing Health Hazards for American Travelers in Kenya, India, and Mexico.

Presents review of literature concerning health hazards for American travelers in developing countries. Proposes three-part survey design, methods of statistical analysis, and anticipated outcome. 13 pages, 33 footnotes, 20 bibliographic sources.
  $91
 

11105. "Split Brain" Patients.

Considers major issues and controversies in the fields of neurology and psychology involving human split brain operations, including practical aspects on human cerebral functioning with severed hemispheres, the respective functions of the right and left hemispheres, the psychiatric consequences, and the controversy concerning possible unifying structures within the human split brain. 13p, 22f., 14b.
  $91
 

11093. Brain Injury and Psychiatric Disorders.

This paper provides an overview of the relationship between traumatic brain injury and neuropsychiatric disorders. The etiology, scope and magnitude of the correlation between brain injury and personality disorders, psychosis, dementia, delusions, schizophrenia, behavioral disorders, affective disorders and post-traumatic stress disorder are discussed and analyzed. 10 pages, 32 footnotes, 14 bibliographic sources.
  $70
 

10678. The Development and History of u.s. Health Care Delivery Systems.

Considers the underlying philosophy of the health care delivery system in the U.S., the history and evaluation of various delivery systems, recent trends in the development of new delivery systems (e.g. HMOs, PPOs, integrated managed care, etc.), and likely future configurations for U.S. health care delivery with a focus on managed care and managed competition. 13 pages, 33 footnotes, 24 bibliographic sources.
  $91
 

10591. Analysis of the Health Insurance Industry.

Analysis of the health care options available to the consumer and the relative economic costs of these options. 6 pages, 16 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.
  $42
 

10560. Aids Dementia.

A review of literature focusing on one of the most common CNS manifestations of HIV infection- AIDS associated dementia. Discusses the relative incidence, suspected causal mechanisms, main symptoms, and prospective treatment protocols for persons manifesting AIDS associated dementia. 5 pages, 9 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.
  $35
 

10540. Insurance Costs, Collective Bargaining, and Employers.

Discusses techniques used by companies to cap medical costs: HMO's, manipulating workman's compensation claims and disability insurance claims, "cafeteria" plans. Strategies for employees aimed at maximizing their health care dollar are discussed, as are possible national policies which would lower health care costs. 6 pages, 14 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.
  $42
 

10477. California Ballot Proposition 161: Examines the November, 1992 California Referendum on Physician Assisted Death.

Examines the pros and cons of the November 1992 California referendum on the physician assisted death; public and professional opinion on euthanasia is reviewed, and the measure is found wanting in sufficient safeguards against physician or family abuse. 13 pages, 15 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.
  $91
 

10414. Nicotine.

Presents the history, uses, effects, pharmacology, negative health effects, addictive aspects, and methods of addiction treatment for the drug nicotine as obtained from tobacco products. 18 pages, 40 footnotes, 16 bibliographic sources.
  $126
 

10359. Smoking in the Workplace.

The movement toward worksite-based smoking restrictions, smoking bans and no-smoker policies is reviewed. The arguments for and against banning smoking and implementing no-smoker policies are considered and discussed. 5 pages, 12 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.
  $35
 

10357. Social Controversies in the Implementation of Life-Sustaining/Prolonging Medical Technologies.

This paper looks at controversies in the application of medical technical systems as a whole, and in particular their application in efforts to extend, prolong and sustain life which, lacking such technical systems, would be unsustainable. Following an overview of the impact of technology on medicine in general, this paper examines social controversies in medical technologies at two ends of the life continuum -- the application of medical technology to permit and/or sustain life for newborns and the application of technology to prolong/sustain life for the elderly and the terminally ill. Major issues in the controversy such as quality of life versus quantity of life, patient autonomy, cost-benefits ratios of treatment, and the right to die are considered from the perspective of medical ethicists, scientists, the courts, and the patients or objects of the technology. Problems in the application of the technologies are identified and recommendations for reform of the technical systems considered. 12 pages, 32 footnotes, 19 bibliographic sources.
  $84
 

10304. Medicare Physician Payment Reform: The Resource Based Relative Value Scale.

This paper examines Medicare physician payment reform. Following a brief overview of historical Medicare methods for reimbursing physicians,we will consider the rationalization for reform and review the steps taken by Congress and physician groups to effect the reform. The central components of the new system, including the Resource-Based Relative Value Scale (RBRVS), the geographical adjustment, the limitations on balanced billing, and the volume performance standard are explained and analyzed. Advantages and disadvantages to the new system are considered. Finally, the impact of the new system on physicans, hospitals and patients is considered. 15 pages, 32 footnotes, 16 bibliographic sources.
  $105
 

10298. Nicotine and Self-Reported Side Effects: Study Design.

Introduces and presents the rationale, purpose, objectives and method of a proposed study investigating self-reported side effects (both positive and negative) of nicotine use as experienced by smokers. A background review of literature considers the recent research on models of nicotine addiction and empirically confirmed neurological and performance side effects of smoking. 11 pages, 18 footnotes, 14 bibliographic sources.
  $77
 

10278. A Proposal for a National Universal Health Care System in the u.s.

Following an overview of some of the reasons behind this renewed interest in national health insurance -- the rationale and need for reform -- this analysis briefly considers the relative merits and components of several major proposals now being discussed and makes recommendations for the implementation of a comprehensive reform system. 12 pages, 30 footnotes, 26 bibliographic sources.
  $84
 

10277. Medical Examination of Aliens.

An analysis of a proposed new rule published in the January 22, 1991 issue of the Federal Register. The rule, proposed by the Public Health Service's Centers for Disease Control, alters the existing list of "dangerous, contagious diseases" which is used to exclude aliens (both immigrants and non-immigrants) from entry into the U.S. The rule would eliminate HIV infection, several sexually transmitted diseases and leprosy from the list, leaving only tuberculosis. The reason behind the proposed changes, the political, medical, and economic effects of the new rule, and possible alternatives and improvements to the rule are considered. The concluding analysis recommends implementation of the new rule, with only minor modifications calling for a program of health education specifically focused on AIDS prevention. 19 pages, 46 footnotes, 20 bibliographic sources.
  $133
 

10276. Osteoporosis: Causes, Prevention & Treatment.

An overview of the significance, characteristics, causes, risk factors, prevention and treatment of this disease involving bone loss and associated fractures. 7 pages, 10 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.
  $49
 

10206. Physical Exercise: A Useful Stress Intervention.

Investigates the use of physical exercise as a stress management technique. Provides the theoretical basis for its use and presents a model for an exercise-based stress intervention program. 11p. 36f 20b.
  $77
 

10178. The Treatment of Women by the Mental Health Field.

Describes sex role stereotyping and cultural attitudes regarding male and female behavior; describes how roles influence personal fulfillment; describes how mental health field has reinforced such stereotypes and how the field is changing in response to pressure. 25 pages, 33 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources.
  $133
 

10177. Encounter Groups: Therapeutic Practices and Ethical Concerns.

A look at the ethical dilemmas involved in the practice of encouter group psychotherapy. The Rogers, Esalen and Synanon methods of encouter group are examined among others. Problems of psychological aggression, group casualties, and the development of cult leaders are noted. 20 pages, 36 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.
  $133
 

10176. The Use of Epidural Catheters in the Treatment of Chronic Cancer Pain.

Discusses use of epidural catheters in treatment of cancer pain in the chronically ill, side effects of catheters, and alternative approaches. 10 pages, 23 footnotes, 20 bibliographic sources.
  $70
 

10087. Psychological Effects of Aids.

An overview of the psychological effects of AIDS. Antecedents, including the disease itself, anticipation of disease outcome, and the predisposing behavioral/social factors are discussed and analyzed. The scope of the problem is considered, with a focus on the two most prevalent psychological effects -- adjustment reaction (anxiety) and major depression with complicating suicidal ideation. 5 pages, 20 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources.
  $35
 

10086. Experiment Drug Treatments for Aids.

The research and testing of new drugs for the treatment and prevention of AIDS is studied. Various theories of transmission and blocking of the AIDS virus are related to different drug development plans. 10 pages, 28 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources.
  $70
 

10078. Daniel Defoe's "Journal of the Plague Year."

A look at Daniel Defoe's realistic descriptions of the bubonic plague and its social and economic effects in London in 1666. 8 pages, 19 footnotes in text, 7 bibliographic sources.
  $56
 

09997. Death and Dying: Biological, Medical and Psychological Aspects.

Presents a brief overview of death and dying from its biological, medical and psychological aspects. 7 pages, 12 footnotes in text, 17 bibliographic sources.
  $49
 

09996. The Effect of the Gastroreflux on the Laryngeal Mechanism.

Identifies and explores the effect of GER on the laryngeal mechanism. Includes an overview of gastro-reflux, including its definition, clinical features, diagnosis, causes, natural history, and treatment. 15 pages, 29 footnotes, 18 bibliographic sources.
  $105
 

09993. Crack Babies: A Social Services Catastrophe.

Analyzes, from a social planning perspective, the impact that crack babies will have on straining the social services of the nation's cities. Considers the antecedents to the problem, the scope of the problem (with a focus on New York, Washington, D.C. and Los Angeles), the major ramifications on public hospitals, child welfare services, and public schools, and possible solutions to the problem. Argues that there must be major changes in Medicaid funding, drug treatment program focus, and our current concept of parental rights. 23 pages, 74 footnotes, 37 bibliographic sources.
  $133
 

09955. Managing Aids Prisoners.

Prison policies in the handling of AIDS patients and HIV-positive inmates are examined. Numbers of inmates, various stae programs and policies, and myths about the spread of AIDS are reviewed, and policy suggestions made. 12 pages, 26 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.
  $84
 

09840. Developing Procedures for Stress Reduction in a Stressed Teacher Population.

Systematically builds a model of stress reduction for a group of community college teachers exhibiting the symptoms of job-related stress. Discusses cognitive-behavioral, communications, and exercise-therapy strategies to reduce the symptoms of exhaustion, depersonalization and low self-esteem. 8 pages, 28 footnotes, 17 bibliographic sources.
  $56
 

09838. The Osteopathic Physician: Contributions to Modern Medicine.

A position paper which favorably cmopares osteopathic physicians (DOs) with M.D.s. Articulates the principles of osteopathy, describes the parameters of osteopathic training and education, and details the special role of DOs in the contemporary health care system. 5 pages, 14 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.
  $35
 

09827. The American Disease: Origins of Narcotic Control by David F. Musto.

Summary and analysis of Musto's book which presents a history of drug abuse and attempts at drug control in the U.S. since the turn of the century. The conclusion considers this history in light of the recent drug epidemic and the movement for drug testing at work as a means of control. 10 pages, 12 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.
  $70
 

09797. Alzheimer's Disease.

An examination of the recent research into causes and cures for Alzheimer's; theories of neurochemical cause, symptoms, diagnostic techniques, and research into treatment are considered. 11 pages, 14 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.
  $77
 

09782. Seizures in Infancy and Early Childhood: Intervention Procedures.

Describes testing, identification, drug treatment and effects on language development of neonatal and early childhood seizures. 7 pages, 26 footnotes, 19 bibliographic sources.
  $49
 

09768. Autogenic Training (At).

An overview of the principles, theories, objectives and applications of this self-help, self-healing practice. Considers AT within the general rubric of holistic medicine and self-care. Presents a training model for teaching AT to a group of 3-5 people over a period of 4 weeks. 8 pages, 9 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.
  $56
 

09651. Curanderismo: The Past, Present and Future of Mexican Folk Healing.

An in-depth investigation of the system of Mexican folk medicine known as curanderismo. Considers its origins, theoretical underpinnings, essential elements, treatment techniques, and applications. Considerable attention is devoted to curanderismo's role in contemporary Mexican-American culture and its likely role in the future. 10 pages, 40 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.
  $70
 

09640. Athletes and Steroids.

An investigation of athletes' use of anabolic steroids to enhance athletic performance. Traces the history of steroids in sports, examines the prevalence of usage, and presents the ethical and medical arguments against steroid use in sports. 10 pages, 25 footnotes, 22 bibliographic sources.
  $70
 

09610. Healing, Medicine and Ritual Among the Balinese of Indonesia.

Examines the Balinese culture of healing and medicine in light of its well-integrated role in this larger fabric of Balinese life. 9 pages, 14 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.
  $63
 

09577. A Political Analysis of the Prospective for a National Health Insurance Program in the United States.

Investigates how the U.S. political structure and American political values shape policy on national health insurance. Outlines the history of legislative proposals and profiles the special interest groups favoring or opposing such a bill. Concludes with an analysis of the prospects for passage of particular proposals. 21 pages, 49 footnotes, 20 bibliographic sources.
  $133
 

09518. Architectural Design of Health Care Delivery Systems.

Explores the various health issues involved in the architectural design of health care delivery systems, and relates these issues to the larger problems of environmental design and workplace health. 10 pages, 12 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.
  $70
 

09399. Prematurity and Problems of Attachment.

Review of the literature which suggests that the infant-maternal attachment paradigm is more frequently disturbed in mother-premature infant relations than in mother-fullterm infant relations. 10 pages, 38 footnotes, 26 bibliographic sources.
  $70
 

09365. Migraine: Etiology and Psychological Factors.

Indepth examination of causes and predispositions (physiological, genetic, psychological) of migraine headaches. Includes a discussion of familial, hormonal, food and chemical "triggers" and personality factors involved in migraine. Recommends that stress-reducing and stress-coping strategies be utilized in migraine treatment and prevention therapies. 11 pages, 40 footnotes, 26 bibliographic sources.
  $77
 

09362. In Support of Euthanasia.

Builds a case for legal, voluntary euthanasia as a human right examines cases and laws, as well as proposed criteria for "mercy killings." 10 pages, 14 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.
  $70
 

09361. Grief Counseling and Psychosocial Support for the Families and Friends of Aids Patients.

Considers the psychosocial problems presented by AIDS from the perspective of the informal (family, friends, lovers) caretaker and then assesses how the psychiatric nurse can be of assistance. Includes list of selected community agencies offering services to AIDS caregivers, friends and family. 16 pages, 28 footnotes, 22 bibliographic sources.
  $112
 

09360. Sex Education: A Matter of Public Health.

Argues that sex education of children should not be left solely up to parents. Contends that public school sex education is mandated by public health and social welfare issues. 6 pages, 19 footnotes, 19 bibliographic sources.
  $42
 

09359. Long-Term Medical Effects of Marijuana Abuse.

Medical (cardiovascular, pulmonary, endocrine, reproductive, psychiatric and neurophysiological) effects of marijuana are explored. This is followed by an analysis of the synergistic effects of marijuana and cocaine abuse. The investigation concludes with an assessment of the long-term national effects of such abuse. 12 pages, 29 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.
  $84
 

09358. Aids in Uganda.

Traces the epidemiology of AIDS in Uganda. Examines the government-sponsored AIDS prevention program in Uganda and considers social, political, economic and cultural barriers to the prevention of AIDS. 10 pages, 30 footnotes, 16 bibliographic sources.
  $70
 

09329. "And the Band Played on: Politics, People and the Aids Epidemic" by Randy Shilts.

5 pages, 8 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.
  $35
 

09278. Marketing Weight Loss Programs.

A comprehensive overview of the U.S. market for diet/weight loss programs. Presents an analysis of weight reduction methods, types of programs currently on the market, target group characteristics, and factors involved in the consumer decision process. Includes a 33-item survey and a comprehensive plan for marketing a new program, including advertising and promotional strategy. 23 pages, 58 footnotes, 45 bibliographic sources.
  $133
 

09270. Visual Health Hazards Among Vdt Workers.

A comprehensive review of the literature concerning visual hazards to workers resulting from video display terminal work. Radiation exposure, ergonomics (work environment and worker comfort) and job stress factors are considered. Includes a review of the literature from government, private study, medical and business sources. 21 pages, 50 footnotes, 34 bibliographic sources.
  $133
 

09250. Long-Term Medical Effects of Cocaine Abuse.

Medical (cardiovascular, pulmonary, endocrine, reproductive, psychiatric, and neurophysiological) effects of the drug are explored. Particular attention is devoted to the medical effects of cocaine abuse in its powerful, "crack" or freebase form. The investigation concludes with an assessment of the long-term national effects of such abuse. 12 pages, 35 footnotes, 16 bibliographic sources.
  $84
 

09190. Doctors Should Be Notified if Their Patients Have Aids.

A philosophical essay arguing that there should be a mandatory reporting system which will notify primary caregivers if their patients are infected with the AIDS virus. Such a system preserves physician rights, protects labworkers, protects the patient's contacts, and ultimately leads to better health care for the patient. 5 pages, 12 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.
  $35
 

09189. Nutritional Requirements and Eating Disorders: The Special Problems of Women.

A scientific examination of women's proclivity toward obesity and other eating disorders. Considers prevalence in the population, theories of obesity, biological differences between men and women, societal prejudices, and consequences of eating disorders. 11 pages, 22 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.
  $77
 

09188. Medicare's Diagnosis Related Groups (Drgs) and Payments to Hospitals.

A comprehensive investigation exploring the economic, ethical and medical implications of the DRG system from a legal perspective. Following a general review of the rationale underlying the DRG system, considers the inherent problems in the system and the basis and precedents for litigation. Particular attention is devoted to the special vulnerability of and potential defenses for the elderly. 40 pages, 131 footnotes, 79 bibliographic sources.
  $133
 

09187. Risk Factors in Maternal Smoking.

A review and analysis of two epidemiological studies investigating the causal relationship between maternal smoking and congenital defects in offspring and risk of perinatal death. Support for causal significance is found in one of the studies and refuted in the other. 3 pages, 0 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.
  $21
 

09186. Social Factors in Mental Disorders.

Based on the premise that social factors influence the incidence of mental disorder, this essay argues that the reduction and/or elimination of unemployment, the establishment of workfare rather than welfare, the implementation of anti-discrimination practices, and the discarding of Christian values in favor of "humanist" principles would lower the incidence of mental disorders in developed nations. 7 pages, 20 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.
  $49
 

09185. Euthanasia Is Wrong.

Takes a firm position against the practice of euthanasia, contending that mercy killing is antithetical to the teachings of the Judaeo-Christian heritage. Argues that euthanasia would diminish the quality of medical care and ultimately undermine the patient's right to self-determination. 5 pages, 6 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.
  $35
 

09184. In Favor of Euthanasia.

Makes a case for the legalization of mercy killing, under the condition that clear and narrow guidelines for the practice be established (using Robert Wolff's "About Philosophy" to substantiate). 3 pages, l footnotes, l bibliographic source.
  $21
 

08956. Bulimia: Optimal Treatment Modalities.

The investigation compares and contrasts the cognitive-behavioral approach with the group therapy approach in the treatment of this eating disorder. Rationale, procedures, and evidence supporting each approach is considered. Concludes that the cognitive-behavioral approach is most effective. 10 pages, 22 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources.
  $70
 

08955. Stress and Overeating.

The paper investigates stress's role in the causes of overeating, in the biological and psychological components of obesity itself, and its role in attempts to arrive at a solution to the problem of overeating and obesity. 11 pages, 33 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.
  $77
 

08954. The Ethics of Euthanasia.

The debate over the morality and legality of euthanasia is reviewed, and the propriety of carefully regulated euthanasia is supported. 6 pages, 4 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.
  $42
 

08919. Special Circumstances of Drug Use Among College Athletes.

Investigates attitudes towards and drug use patterns of athletes, with particular attention to anabolic steroids and smokeless tobacco. Following a review of literature, the investigation presents the results of a 10-item survey questionnaire and its summary distributed to 60 college athletes. 15 pages, 16 footnotes, 18 bibliographic sources.
  $105
 

08901. Drug Maintenance Programs.

Examines the issue of utilizing drug maintenance programs, rather than rehabilitation or jail, in dealing with drug-addicted individuals who have not voluntarily indicated a desire to stop using drugs. Concludes that this would be an appropriate alternative. 5 pages, 6 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.
  $35
 

08900. Artificial Heart Experimentation.

A legal perspective on the status of artificial heart experimentation on human beings. History, medical, and ethical issues presented. Includes a thorough analysis of FDA regulations, DHEW regulations, the Nuremberg Code, the Declaration of Helsinki, and applicable case law from 1905 through 1980. 40 pages, 76 footnotes, 57 bibliographic sources.
  $133
 

08881. Marketing in the Home Health Care Industry.

A thorough review of marketing obstacles and opportunities in the growing home health care field. Includes an overview of the market in general, typical product mixes, competitive forces, and strategies for implementation. Breakeven costs are also discussed. 15 pages, 29 footnotes, 25 bibliographic sources.
  $105
 

08867. Drug Testing of Employees.

First-person discussion of the pros and cons of drug testing of employees by business and government. The paper takes a strong stand against unilateral mandatory drug testing of employees. 6 pages, 6 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.
  $42
 
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