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10F. EUROPEAN HISTORY 1900 to PRESENT


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19305. The Causes of World War One (Wwi)

This essay considers how the First World War was a product of complex developments in European politics and society. The specific triggering causes of the war as well as the underlying causes and contributing factors are discussed. The essay also outlines the course and character of WWI. MLA Style. 6 pages, 19 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources. 1870 words.

TAGS: First World War, WWI, causes, contributing factors, European society and politics, early 20th century history.

  $42
 

18880. German Soldiers in the Holocaust.

This research paper argues that the German military participated willingly in the Holocaust, or “Final Solution” to exterminate the Jews, because of fear, obedience, faith in Hitler and indoctrination into Nazi ideology through the use of propaganda. The evidence of the effects of propaganda can be found in such things as military training manuals and the letters, diaries and other writings of German soldiers during World War II. TAGS: Germany, Nazis, World War II, Jews, Holocaust, Final Solution, propaganda, role of military, argumentative essay. APA Style. 13 pages, 36 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources. 3,229 words.
  $91
 

18770. The War Against the Jews (Lucy S. Dawidowicz).

This paper reviews the book The War Against the Jews, in which Dawidowicz argues that the Holocaust was caused mainly by the anti-Semitism of Adolf Hitler. The book also considers why the reasons why the Jews of Europe failed to put up more of a resistance than they did. Although the book has merits, it fails to provide a complete picture. TAGS: Hitler, Nazis, Anti-semitism, Germany, Holocaust, book review, Final Solution. Turabian Style with Endnotes. 7 pages, 7 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources. 1,640 words.
  $49
 

18668. The Marshall Plan.

This paper discusses the conditions at the end of World War II and the start of the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union. In response to the effort of the Soviet Union to expand its influence in Europe, U.S. Secretary of State George C. Marshall proposed an economic recovery plan. According to the plan, the U.S. would provide aid to help revive the economies of Western Europe, thereby building alliances with the nations there. The Marshall Plan was successful in achieving this objective, although it also contributed to increasing tensions between the U.S. and the Soviet Union. KEYWORDS: economic recovery program Marshall plan alliances Cold War. Turabian Style with Endnotes. 6 pages, 19 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources. 1,318 words.
  $42
 

18513. Outbreak of World War Ii.

This paper describes five events that contributed to the outbreak of World War II in 1939. These events are: Hitler’s rise to power, Italy’s invasion of Ethiopia, Germany’s seizure of the Rhineland, the Munich Conference, and the Non-Aggression Pact between Germany and the Soviet Union. The Non-Aggression Pact, in particular, is seen as the ultimate turning point in the progression toward war. KEYWORDS: history World War II Hitler Soviet Union. MLA Style. 7 pages, 19 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources. 1,751 words.
  $49
 

18341. Patty Hearst and the Symbionese Liberation Army.

This paper discusses the participation of Patricia Hearst, the newspaper heiress, in the 1970s terrorist group known as the Symbionese Liberation Army (SLA). Emphasis is placed on the sociological and psychological factors that contributed to the rise of radical youth activities at the time and that help to explain her involvement. In addition to describing the facts of the case, the paper considers differing views on why Hearst apparently joined the SLA after being kidnapped by them (she was willing, she was a victim of the Stockholm Syndrome, she was brainwashed). It is also argued that the SLA did not have a significant social impact because it was too isolated, cult-like, and violent. KEYWORDS: psychology sociology American history terrorism Hearst. APA Style. 11 pages, 31 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.
  $77
 

18332. Historical Development of East European Jewry (1648-1918).

This paper discusses the progress and setbacks of East European Jews from the 17th Century (the time of the “Deluge” pogroms), through the 18th Century (the time of the Enlightenment and emphasis on equal rights), the early 19th Century (the time of Emancipation and renewed persecutions), the late 19th Century (a time of increased anti-Semitic attitudes), to the end of World War I (which resulted in the Jews being dispersed and vulnerable to further anti-Semitic persecutions). KEYWORDS: history Judaism East Europe. APA Style. 11 pages, 30 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.
  $77
 

18325. Antisemitism and the Holocaust.

This paper traces the Nazi antisemitic ideology during the Holocaust (1933-1945) to the 19th Century and earlier. Topics include: centuries of Christian hostility, the emancipation movement, the failure of Jews to assimilate, accusations of Jews dominating prestigious occupations, the views of various antisemitic writers that were popular in Germany, racist beliefs, and the impact of nationalism. The paper also discusses how the Nazis were aided by collaborators throughout Europe, who were likewise influenced by antisemitism. KEYWORDS: history Europe Judaism antisemitism Holocaust Hitler Nazis. APA Style. 11 pages, 31 footnotes in text, 10 bibliographic sources.
  $77
 

18205. The Pianist by Wladyslaw Szpilman.

This paper is concerned with The Pianist, an autobiographical account of a Polish Jew’s experiences during the Holocaust and World War II. Topics include the psychological reactions of the author, his emotionally detached tone, lessons about the good and bad of human nature, and the plausibility of a Nazi officer helping the author while he was hiding in bombed-out Warsaw near the end of the war. KEYWORDS: book review literature autobiography Judaism Holocaust World War II Poland. MLA Style. 12 pages, 41 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.
  $84
 

18046. Fashion Choices in Gender and Identity.

This term paper is concerned with the British fashion industry and the notion of a "British identity" in dress style. The introduction notes that, although clothing choices are constrained in various ways, people generally express themselves through either conservative or non-conformist styles. The paper then discusses the styles associated with Burberry of London (which are conservative and based on traditional ideas of gender-based power) and Vivian Westwood (which make an artistic commentary on British society and dress). Reference is also made to a small-scale study that showed British women having complex reasons for their fashion choices, as related to their search for personal identity. KEYWORDS: fashion industry clothes identity gender identity british society. MLA Style. 7 pages, 13 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources. 1,743 words.
  $49
 

18020. Italian Futurist Women.

This term paper examines the role of women in the artistic and literary movement known as Futurism (approximately 1909-1918). Arising in Italy during the period of World War I, the movement called for radical change in art and society. It praised machines, violence, and warfare, while denigrating feminine values as weak, soft, and hopelessly tied to tradition. The paper discusses the views of male Futurists such as Filippo Tommaso Marinetti (the movement's founder) and various male poets. These views are compared with the writings of two prominent women in the movement: Valentine de Saint-Point and Sibilla Aleramo. These writings show that women were an important intellectual force in the movement, challenging the male-dominated views on gender roles. KEYWORDS: italy literary movement futurism gender essay. Turabian Style with Bottom of Page Footnotes and Separate Bibliography. 11 pages, 10 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources. 2,490 words.
  $77
 

17753. Turkey’S Planned Accession to the European Union (Eu).

Based on a review of both primary (European Commission and European Council documents related to Turkey’s accession, statements and speeches by principals involved in the negotiations) and secondary (scholarly analysis in books and journals, as well as recent newspaper reports), this paper provides an overview and analysis of Turkey’s planned accession to full membership in the European Union (EU). The prospects of Turkey’s success in its pursuit of full EU membership are evaluated based on an analysis which considers resistance and support for Turkey’s EU accession; the arguments for and against Turkey’s accession; the impact of Turkey’s accession (should it occur) on the EU organization and EU members, considering potential advantages and disadvantages of Turkey becoming a full member of the EU; and a brief consideration of Turkish government and public opinion on its accession to the EU, focusing on the perceived benefits for the EU. It is argued that Turkey’s prospects for successful completion of the EU accession process seem highly improbable, based primarily on the unlikelihood that Turkey will meet EU political and legal criteria as they relate to Cyprus, human rights, and fundamental freedoms. It is recommended that the EU shift the strategic objectives of its negotiations with Turkey from the current focus on full membership to an alternative focus leading to a “special” or “privileged partnership”. Turabian Style with Bottom of Page Footnotes. 13 pages, 59 footnotes, 40 bibliographic sources. 3,244 words.

TAGS: eu enlargement turkey european union accession eu membership islam muslim europe christian, sovereignty, supranationality, supranational organization.

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  $91
 

17639. Russian Peasant Life, 1900-1940.

This paper examines peasant life in Russia from the end of the Romanov Dynasty to the start of the Second World War (approximately 1900-1940). The paper discusses post-Emancipation conditions and the role of the peasantry in the 1905 and 1917 revolutions; the impact of Lenin’s New Economic Policy (NEP); and the negative consequences of the forced collectivization of agriculture occurring under Stalin from 1929-39. Argues that notwithstanding the important role that peasants played in Russian society, economy and even politics (given their importance to the Revolution), they were ultimately betrayed by the Soviet leaders during the early part of Stalin’s reign. KEYWORDS: Russia peasantry soviet union peasants role revolution Lenin stalin. Turabian/Chicago Bottom-of-the-Page Footnotes with separate bibliography. 11 pages, 42 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources. 2,615 words.
  $77
 

17635. Were the Ancient Macedonians Greek?

This paper considers the long-running debate concerning the question of whether or not the ancient Macedons (Macedonians) were ethnically Greek, an issue which has acquired increasing importance in recent years as a result of the breakup of Yugoslavia and the 1991 formation of the Republic of Macedonia. After examining the evidence from both ancient and modern sources, concludes that the ancient Macedons were indeed Greek. KEYWORDS: macedons Macedonians Greek Greece ethnicity. Turabian/Chicago with Bottom-of-Page Footnotes and separate bibliography. 12 pages, 29 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources. 2,708 words.
  $84
 

17475. Elizabeth Bowen & Evelyn Waugh and the British Cultural Response to World War Ii.

Drawing on Bowen’s The Heat of the Day and Waugh’s Put Out More Flags, this paper examines the British cultural response to World War II and in particular considers the issue of the war’s impact upon gender roles. In both of the novels examined, there is evidence that the gender distinctions are blurred, not reinforced. Yet, both Waugh and Bowen, whether intentionally or not, also present characters who only find themselves further confined to the private, domestic sphere as a result of the war. The question of wartime gender distinctions thus remains a clouded, complex issue. KEYWORDS: WWII England gender roles bowen Waugh women occupations. MLA Style. 15 pages, 29 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources. 3,696 words.
  $105
 

17459. Does Westernization Equal Modernity? The Case of Turkey.

Eighty-two years ago, Kemal Ataturk, founder of the Republic of Turkey, set Turkey on a course of Westernization intended to bring Turkey into the modern era. Looking at the case of Turkey, this paper considers the question of whether Westernization equals modernity. It is argued that the rigid stricture of Kemalist doctrine, which holds that the secular Western model is the only path to modernity, was not realistic. Despite progress towards modernity, Turkey has not completely succeeded at either modernization or Westernization. While Westernization and modernity are closely linked, and while it is doubtful that a state would achieve modernization without also becoming more Western, movement towards Westernization does not necessary equal modernity and there may be other paths to modernity. KEYWORDS: Kemalism Turkey Westernization modernization democracy clash of civilizations. 9 pages, 45 footnotes, 18 bibliographic sources. 2101 words.
  $63
 

17443. Turkey and the European Union.

This paper presents an overview and analysis of Turkey’s planned accession to full membership in the European Union (EU). The history of EU-Turkish relations and Turkey’s bid for membership in the EU is traced. The potential advantages and disadvantages of Turkey’s EU membership from the perspective of both Turkey and the EU are considered. Likely barriers to Turkey’s accession are identified and discussed. The paper concludes with predictions on the probable course of the accession negotiations. KEYWORDS: Turkey European Union enlargement terrorism Islam secularization. 14 pages, 46 footnotes, 28 bibliographic sources. 3298 words.
  $98
 

17124. The 20th Century Rehabilitation Model and Female Prisoners in Great Britain.

This paper traces the impact of the development of the 20th century rehabilitation model (as mandated by the Gladstone Committee in 1895) on female prisoners in Great Britain. The impact is noted in terms of changes in prison labor, dress, and prisoner relations as well as in terms of the introduction of educational programs, job training, borstal training, and open prisons. Negative aspects of the developing model are also noted (e.g., failure to update training programs, treatment of female prisoners as mental patients, etc.). KEYWORDS: prison system great britain 20th century rehabilitation model prisons england wales. 9 pages; 20 footnotes; 14 bibliographic sources. 2,634 words.
  $63
 

17123. Social Research Methods in the Study of the History of Women's Imprisonment in Great Britain in the 19th and 20th Centuries.

This paper evaluates the usefulness and problems of historical social research for an investigation and critical review of the history of the imprisonment of women in Great Britain during the 19th and 20th centuries. 9 pages; 20 footnotes; 18 bibliographic sources. 2,280 words.
  $63
 

17117. Democracy in the European Union.

This paper provides an overview and analysis of democracy in the European Union (EU). The analysis focuses on democracy at the supranational, institutional level of the EU, rather than on the various forms of national and sub-national democracy within the Member States of the Union. The investigation begins with an overview of the historical position of democracy within the EU and an outline of the EU’s institutional framework. The EU’s ‘democratic deficit’ is then explored in detail, along with consideration of the extent to which the expansion of the European Parliament’s power has democratized the overall Union. The concluding sections consider the defenses for the existing institutional framework and the possible alternative institutional arrangements for a democratic EU. 18 pages; 41 footnotes; 19 bibliographic sources. 5,173 words.

TAGS: supranational organizations, sovereignty, democracy, supranationality, European Union, EU institutions

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17015. The Collapse of the Ottoman Empire.

This paper discusses the economic and political problems of the Ottoman Empire, the desire of European powers to divide up its territories, the Sykes-Pinchot Agreement, the Balfour Declaration, the Ottoman defeat in World War I, the establishment of Turkey as an independent state, and the French and British mandates that replaced the Ottoman Empire. Keywords: Ottoman defeat. 10 pages; 24 footnotes; 7 bibliographic sources.
  $70
 

15968. The Nazi Decision to Implement the "Final Solution"

Although the plan to exterminate the Jews became apparent in late 1941, this paper argues that there are indications that Hitler and his associates were developing such plans long before that time. 6 pages; 17 footnotes; 3 bibliographic sources. 1,375 words.
  $42
 

15967. World Responses to the "Final Solution" of the Nazis.

This paper argues that the Allied governments, Jewish organizations and the Pope all failed to respond appropriately to the Nazi effort to exterminate the Jews, simply because the information about the “Final Solution” was not believed or understood at the time. On the other hand, there were some altruistic individuals and groups that did respond with an effort to rescue European Jews. 6 pages; 20 footnotes; 5 bibliographic sources. 1,471 words.
  $42
 

15919. Arab Immigrants in Greece.

This is an exploratory study, based on observations and interviews, and grounded in the immigrant assimilation theory of Ruth Johnston, that addresses the assimilation of Arab migrants in Athens, Greece. It is noted that Lebanese migrants provide the best example of economic integration in the area. 17 pages; 13 footnotes; 16 bibliographic sources.
  $119
 

15815. Women and Poverty in Great Britain.

This paper is concerned with the problem of inequality and the fact that women are more likely than men to live in poverty in Great Britain. Examines the evidence regarding the causes of the problem, and makes recommendations for alleviating it. 7 pages; 21 footnotes; 8 bibliographic sources. 1,953 words.
  $49
 

15700. A Comparison of the American and Russian Revolutions.

This paper compares and contrasts the American Revolution and the Russian Revolution in terms of their causes, course, and impact. The analysis draws on Crane Brinton's Anatomy of Revolution as a guide for comparing the two revolutions. Specifically, the analysis considers the extent to which each revolution fits within Brinton's stages of a revolution and examines the differences between the two revolutions using Brinton's framework. In addition to Brinton's work, information on each revolution is drawn from scholarly monographs and journal articles. KEYWORDS: american revolution russian revolution comparative analysis revolutionary theory brinton. Turabian Style with Bottom of Page Footnotes. 13 pages, 32 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources. 3,644 words.
  $91
 

15688. Russian Textiles/Apparel Industry and Trade in the Post-Soviet Era.

Using a case analysis of the textile and woven apparel industry, this paper examines changes and trends in the Russian trade structure following the collapse of the Soviet Union and the onset of Russia's political and economic transition. The paper begins with a brief historical overview of the post-Soviet Russian economic transition, a discussion of the impact of the transition on Russia's trade structure, and a profile of current economic and trade conditions. The analysis then turns to a close focus on the Russian textiles and woven apparel industry and the trade in textiles/apparel. A concluding section examines the prognosis for the future development of the Russian textiles/apparel industry and makes predictions for future trends in textile trade patterns. 12 pages, 49 footnotes, 36 bibliographic sources.
  $84
 

15685. Alfred Rosenberg: Crimes or Misdemeanors?

Did Rosenberg deserve his Nuremberg death penalty and his conviction on the four criminal counts, or was he merely a hapless pawn of the more cunning and politically adroit leaders in the Third Reich? This paper explores this question through an examination of Alfred Rosenberg's rise in the German National Socialist Party, his role as the Nazi ideologue, his role and duties in Hitler's Third Reich, and his activities as Delegate of the Fuhrer for the Supervision of the Entire Spiritual and Ideological Teaching and Education of the NSDAP and as Reich Minister for the Occupied Eastern Territories. The analysis includes an assessment of the case made against him during the Nuremberg Trial and the defense put forward on his behalf. Concludes that while Rosenberg was a relatively unimportant and certainly ineffectual Nazi policymaker, he nevertheless should have been held culpable for the consistent promulgation of an ideology which inexorably led to the commission of the Nazi atrocities. KEYWORDS: nazi war criminals rosenberg nazi trials nuremberg nazi. MLA Style. 25 pages, 38 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources. 6,337 words.
  $133
 

15680. Italian Colonialism in Albania.

This paper provides an overview and analysis of Italian colonial interests and activities in Albania. The analysis traces the history of Italian interests in Albania and examines the motivations behind Italy's interests, focusing in particular on strategic motivations and the impact of Italian-Albanian relations on Italy's relations with its European neighbors and on Italy's overall position in the world community. KEYWORDS: albanian history italian colonialism albania italy. 19 pages, 37 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources. 5,145 words.
  $133
 

15641. Are You Somebody: The Accidental Memoir of a Dublin Woman by Nuala O'faolain.

A critical summary and review of a female Irish journalist's memoir. Finds that the book is interesting for its portrayal of life in Dublin in the 1950's to 1970's, as well as for its insights into repressed Irish Catholic sexuality and the nature of male-female relations in the era, but that its appeal for readers outside of Ireland is sorely limited by the book's poor organization and the writer's tendency to digress, despite evidence of the author's considerable literary skills. KEYWORDS: book review irish catholic feminist women journalist o'faolain. 8 pages, 14 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source. 1,993 words.
  $56
 

15637. Arabs and Arabia in the Early 20th Century: The Perspective of the European Traveler.

This paper examines European perceptions of Arabs and the Middle East in the early 20th Century through the lens of three early European Arabists: T. E. Lawrence ("Lawrence of Arabia"), Gertrude Bell, and Muhammad Asad. Drawing on Bell's Syria: The Desert and the Sown, Asad's Road to Mecca, and Lawrence's Seven Pillars of Wisdom, this paper seeks to answer the following questions: 1) What did these Europeans see in the lives of Arabs and Arab tribes of northern Arabia in the early decades of the 20th Century; and 2) what do their observations tell us about European perceptions of Arabs and how can we use their observations and information they supply us as a source for the history of northern Arabia, if indeed we can? KEYWORDS: arabs history arabia 1900s tribal history. MLA Style. 22 pages, 61 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources. 6,295 words.
  $133
 

15615. Why the German Invasion of Russia Failed.

This essay in military history surveys the historical literature for the reasons behind the failure of the German invasion of Russia. It is argued that the primary reasons behind the failure of the invasion (1941-1944) were poor planning and the lack of resources (winter clothing, food, troop and equipment replacements, antifreeze) during the first six months of the invasion, and over the longer terms, the ability of Germany's enemies to stick together; the Soviet's ability to re-supply their troops; Stalin's success at stirring up Russian patriotism and sparking resistance against the Germans; and not only Germany's failure to cultivate support amongst the Soviet peoples, but the horrible power of the German attacks to inspire the Russian military and public to hateful resistance. 13 pages, 24 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.
  $91
 

15550. Tanks and Military History: The Battle of Cambrai (World War I).

Discusses how the battle was a turning point in the use of tanks in warfare. The paper covers the development of tanks and early failed attempts to use them, and then turns to the British strategy at Cambrai, which resulted in tanks breaking through the German defensive lines. Although the British failed to withstand the subsequent German counterattack, the battle nonetheless marked a turning point in military strategies and tactics involving the use of tanks. 7 pages, 28 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.
  $49
 

15531. Schindler's List (Thomas Keneally).

Discussion of the book about the German businessman whose actions helped rescue Jews from the Nazi Holocaust of World War II. Examines how the book covers Schindler's role and motivations, and argues that the book is made more readable by its combining of fictional elements with historical facts. 6 pages, 18 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.
  $42
 

15435. Communist Responses to American Air Power in Korea, 1950-1953.

This paper examines the critical role of American air power in the Korean War, specifically exploring the question of how the North Koreans and their allies responded, both politically and militarily, in their attempts to counter the general American air superiority in the 1950-53 period. Traces Communist efforts to directly overcome US air power in the early phases of the war; outlines Communist ground tactics; and considers how the Communists made the failure of the US strategy of air interdiction more complete than it need have been. 9 pages, 29 footnotes.
  $63
 

15185. Lawrence of Arabia's Role in World War I.

Traces the history of Lawrence's involvement in the Arab Revolt, including his successful use of guerrilla tactics. Also discusses the conflict between British leaders, with their effort to use the Revolt to their wartime advantage, and Lawrence's sincere desire to help liberate the Arabs. 12 pages, 35 footnotes, 8 bibliographic references.
  $84
 

15172. The Historical Factors Causing the German People to Support Hitler.

This paper covers the Germans' desire for national unity and colonialism, their reaction to defeat in World War I, the impact of economic crises, the rejection of the Weimar Republic, the desire for "scapegoats" and a strong leader, the influence of Nazi propaganda, the lack of effective international controls, and Hitler's political intrigues. 11 pages, 22 footnotes, 7 bibliographic references.
  $77
 

15121. Could World War Ii Have Been Prevented?

This paper examines the historical and political science literature considering whether or not World War II was inevitable, given the actions (and inactions) of the Allies and Axis powers. It is argued that given the conditions imposed by various treaties and commitments of the great powers after World War I, and the frustrated aspirations to empire of the Axis powers, World War II was probably inevitable. The only questions regarding the war plans of Germany, Japan and Italy were when they would attack, how much they would take, and what they might settle for short of war. KEYWORDS: second world war WWII causes inevitability conflict. Chicago Parenthetical Style. 6 pages, 9 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.
  $42
 

15097. The Great Irish Famine Versus the Jewish Holocaust.

This essay considers the extent to which it is appropriate for Irish ethnicists to interpret Ireland’s Great Famine (1845-1849) similarly to how the Holocaust of World War Two (1939-1945) is interpreted for the Jews. The essay concludes that while Irish Americans should continue to remember the Great Famine and to hold on to it as a symbol of unity; however, it is not quite accurate to compare the events of the Famine with the even more brutal and vicious events of the Holocaust. KEYWORDS: irish famine irish-americans ethnic unity jewish holocaust. MLA Style. 3 pages, 9 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.
  $21
 

15067. French Foreign Policy in the Middle East.

Presents an overview an analysis of French foreign policy in the Middle East, focusing on policy since World War II. Traces the changes in the French position on the Arab/Israeli conflict, noting the shift in policy under de Gaulle, moderation among his predecessors, and then the re-emergence of a strong pro-Arab, anti-Israeli policy under Chirac. Considers French motivations behind the policy shifts. KEYWORDS: France Middle East French policy arab-israeli conflict term papers. APA Style. 13 pages, 41 footnotes, 19 bibliographic references. 4,637 words.
  $91
 

15015. Artists and Intellectuals in the Weimar Republic (1919-1933).

A discussion of the "New Sobriety" movement and its criticism of warfare and the German government, with special emphasis on Thomas Mann, Otto Dix and George Grosz. Also discusses the growing persecution of the Nazis and their view that the work of such artists was "degenerate" and contrary to the aims of German nationalism. 7 pages, 14 footnotes, 4 bibliographic references.
  $49
 

14813. The Depiction of Julius Caesar in Roman Historiography: The Biographies by Plutarch and Suetonius Compared.

This paper compares and contrasts Plutarch’s and Suetonius’ treatment of the life of Julius Caesar based on the two biographic accounts in Plutarch’s Bio Paralleli (Lives of the Noble Greeks and Romans) and Suetonius’ The Twelve Caesars. Concludes that modern historians would consider Suetonius to be the superior political analyst and judge of character, even if Plutarch is more truthful, literal and reliable in the small events that make up the biographical narrative. KEYWORDS: roman history biography Plutarch suetonius. 11 pages, 1 footnote, 2 bibliographic sources. 2,616 words.
  $77
 

14703. Women in British Prisons in the 19th and 20th Centuries.

This paper provides a critical overview and analysis of women’s imprisonment in Great Britain during the 19th and 20th centuries. The first section provides a brief background on the history of women’s imprisonment in Great Britain and looks at women’s imprisonment during the first half of the 19th century. The second section, covering the period 1850-1895, looks at women’s imprisonment in Britain during the consolidation and centralization of the system and the shift to a highly punitive model. The third section, covering the period 1895-1960, reviews the gradual establishment of the 20th century model of rehabilitation. The fourth section covers the period from 1960 up to the present-day and considers important recent trends and shifts in women’s imprisonment, including the emphasis on the medical/psychiatric model, the increase in the number of female prisoners, and the changing demographics of women prisoners in Great Britain. KEYWORDS: women’s imprisonment women prisons Britain history female prisoners uk. APA Style. 32 pages, 154 footnotes, 28 bibliographic sources. 9,700 words.
  $133
 

13998. Czechoslovakia and the Velvet Revolution of 1989.

This termpaper provides an overview and analysis of the socio-political impact of Czechoslovakia’s 1989 ‘Velvet Revolution’ on the transition states (including Czechoslovakia itself which split into two independent nations, Slovakia and the Czech Republic, in 1993) of eastern-central Europe and the former Soviet Union. In particular, the essay analyzes the Czechoslovakian revolution and its aftermath and argues that the situation in Czech/Slovakia provides a metaphor for the difficulty all the states of Eastern European and the former Soviet Union have encountered in forming a new civil society in the aftermath of communism. KEYWORDS: post-soviet states czech velvet revolution civil society term paper. APA Style. 12 pages, 39 footnotes, 23 bibliographic references. 3,629 words.
  $84
 

13996. Eastern Europe and Eu Expansion.

This termpaper examines the challenges, opportunities and issues related to integrating Eastern European countries into the European Union. The essay considers both the perspective of the EU (in terms of admission criteria, impact on existing members and institutions, etc.) and the perspective of the Eastern European countries seeking admission (in terms of expectations, readiness, etc.). The paper examines major areas of friction in the integration process. KEYWORDS: european union eastern europe eu expansion research paper. APA Style. 13 pages, 41 footnotes, 16 bibliographic sources. 3,668 words.
  $91
 

13957. European Unification and u.s. Federalism.

This term paper compares European unification with U.S. federalism. The first part of the research paper provides an overview of federalism and its development in the United States. The essay looks at how federalism evolved in the U.S., considers its central elements and features (including its relation to democracy and liberty), and examines how federalism has changed in the U.S. since its founding. Drawing upon the perspective of U.S. federalism, the second part of the paper examines the case of federalism in the EU. The analysis examines the institutional framework of the EU, considers the relations between Member States and the emerging ‘federal’ European polity, addresses questions of national sovereignty and the changing nature of the nation-state, and considers the issue of ‘European’ versus state (or in this case, national) citizenship. A concluding section provides a summary comparison of European unification and U.S. federalism and makes projections about the future course of European federalism and the prospects for a “United States of Europe.” APA Style. 29 pages, 104 footnotes, 24 bibliographic references.

TAGS: european union eu european unification us federalism term paper comparative political systems federalism essay, state sovereignty, supranational organization, supranationality.

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Suprantionality and the Decline of State Sovereignty: The Case of the European Union Research Paper

Eastern European and European Union (EU) Expansion Research Paper

Sovereignty: Changing Norms in a New World Order Research Paper

Supranational Organizations Research Paper

  $133
 

13953. Organized Crime in Albania.

Argues that organized crime has increased as a result of the nation’s poverty and the failure of the government to take effective action. Included in the discussion are such activities as drug trafficking, stolen car rings, the smuggling of refugees, and pyramid schemes. 12 pages, 38 footnotes, 12 bibliographic references.
  $84
 

13951. Economy of Cyprus.

This research paper provides an overview and analysis of the economy of Cyprus. Although the paper includes a brief background discussion of the island’s economic history and its post-independence, pre-partition economy, the focus of the essay is the economy of the Republic of Cyprus (Greek Cypriot—southern portion) during the period after the 1974 Turkish invasion. The analysis details the current economic structure and conditions, and closely examines key economic issues with specific attention to the tourism industry, the lingering effects of partition, and the special relationship with the EU. KEYWORDS: Cyprus economy Greek Cypriot economic conditions tourism partition eu relations term paper. 37 pages, 134 footnotes, 31 bibliographic references.
  $133
 

13929. Military Strategies in World War I: The Eastern vs. Western Fronts.

Compares the strategy and tactics of the two sides on the Eastern and Western fronts in World War I, considering why the Eastern front campaigns conformed to the kind of warfare anticipated by Clausewitz and other great military historians, while the campaign on the Western front seem to represent a new model of warfare predicted only by a few forward-looking thinkers such as Ivan Bloch. 19 pages, 23 footnotes in text, 8 bibliographic sources.
  $133
 

13900. The European Union: Can They Afford Not to Expand?

This paper provides an overview and analysis of the issue of European Union enlargement. Following an overview of the history of EU enlargement and a summary of the current trends and directions in EU enlargement, the analysis considers the advantages and disadvantages of enlargement. A concluding section makes the case that on both political and economic grounds, the EU must stay on its current course towards rapid enlargement. 13 pages, 33 footnotes, 17 bibliographic references.
  $91
 

13890. Spain's Economic Transformation in the Post-Franco Decade.

Profiles Spain's economy and infrastructure in the mid to late 1980's, a decade after the death of Franco and on the eve of Spain's full integration into the European Community. 5 pages, 12 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.
  $35
 

13808. The Nuremberg Trials: A Legal Analysis.

An analysis of the proceedings and legal/political history and ramifications of the Nuremberg trial. Examines the legal justification trials; the public and private controversy over the decision to try the Nazi war criminals; the structure and procedures of the Nuremberg Court; the other war crimes trials occurring at about the same time; and the legal ramifications and extensions of the Nuremberg Doctrine. 25 pages, 53 footnotes, 25 bibliographic sources.
  $133
 

13804. The Twenty Years' Crisis, 1919-1939 by Edward Hallett Carr.

Analysis of the respected political scientist's study of power politics and the deterioration of international relations in Europe in the two decades prior to WWII. Focuses on Carr's "moderate realist theory" of power politics as expressed in the book. Compares elements of Carr's theory with ideas from Marx, Machiavelli and contemporary political theorists. 10 pages, 19 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.
  $70
 

13800. The Rise of Right-Wing Radicalism in Hitler's Germany.

Considers the reasons for the rise of right-wing radicalism in Germany. Argues that neither political personalities, the trauma of defeat in WWI, nor socioeconomic disintegration can alone account for Hitler's rise to power. Rather it is argued that a complex interplay between a number of factors in German culture, society and history was responsible for the rise of fascism. 8pages, 14 footnotes, 6 bibliographic references.
  $56
 

13799. Historians' View of Nazi Success.

Examines three prominent historians' (William Sheridan Allen, William L. Shirer and Hans Staudinger) explanations for the success of the Nazi movement and fascism under Hitler. 5 pages, 6 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.
  $35
 

13742. "Hitler Among the Germans" by Rudolph Binion.

Review essay which uses Binion's thesis that Hitler was the victim of a series of traumatic psychological blows from infancy to adulthood, the cumulative effect of which was to create a pathological hatred of the Jews and a lust for revenge against the Allied victors of WWI as a starting point for an analysis of Hitler's personal and political psychopathology. 8 pages, 17 footnotes, 7 bibliographic references.
  $56
 

13670. The Boer War of 1899-1902.

An investigation of the Boer War in terms of the cultural and political forces leading up to it, the military forces involved; and the economic and social forces emerging in its aftermath. Considers both of the major players (Boers and British) and some of the minor players (e.g., Germans, Americans). Argues that the Boer War effectively introduced guerilla warfare to the European powers, and ended the military era of the massed infantry formation, the casual truce, and the antiquated weaponry of the 19th Century. 14 pages, 30 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.
  $98
 

13625. The Catholic Church and the Development of the Irish State.

A paper on how the "Protestant Ascendancy" (18th century) led to the Catholic Emancipation movement in Ireland. Also discusses the role of Daniel O'Connell and Catholic Association, and how the Catholic movement was an important step toward the attainment of statehood in 1922. 7 pages, 24 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.
  $49
 

13622. Press Reactions to the Nuremberg Laws.

Discusses how the world's press responded to the 1935 laws that took away the German Jews' civil rights. Argues that, although there were various reactions, the major press misinterpreted the significance of the laws. The paper also discusses some of the publications that reacted appropriately, as well as the way the press coverage changed with the start of World War II. 16 pages, 52 footnotes, 18 bibliographic sources.
  $112
 

13582. Women and Work in Russia Soviet and Post-Soviet.

This paper provides an overview and analysis of working women in contemporary Russia and in the former Soviet Union. Following a brief background on the status of women in pre-Revolutionary Russia, the analysis profiles women's entry into the work force under the Communist system and women's working conditions and occupational/wage status throughout the Soviet period. Following this, the analysis considers the impact of the fall of Communism and the disintegration of the Soviet Union on working women in Russia. 34 pages, 41 footnotes, 16 bibliographic sources.
  $133
 

13579. Contemporary Metropolitan Paris.

A study of the city and its surrounding region (Ile-de-France) as they exist in the present day. Includes discussions of Paris' centrality to the French economy, the city's ethnic groups, culture, neighborhoods, suburbs, and transportation systems, and controversies over whether or not Paris is in a state of decline. 22 pages, 58 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources.
  $133
 

13542. Pragmatic Imperialism, and Other Lessons of the War in Kosovo, 1999:

Sharp, well-informed, balanced assessment of the Kosovo war in international relations theory and practice. Includes why the current period remains one of uncertainty and ambiguity, and how this is reflected in assessments of the war; American world supremacy, and the limits to this; the effects of the 'information age', and how this contributes to an erosion of previous concepts of state sovereignty; and recommendations by leading scholars for a type of pragmatic American Imperial leadership in world affairs, with more clear criteria for when, where, and how America should intervene in future crisis. 15 pages, 44 footnotes, 16 bibliographic sources.
  $105
 

13471. Ireland in World War Ii.

Discusses the reasons for Eire's neutrality, and contrasts it with Northern Ireland's cooperation with the British and the IRA's efforts to side with the Nazis. Also discusses how neutrality caused some problems for the Allies, but also led to the repression of the IRA. 15 pages, 47 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.
  $105
 

13424. Boris Yeltsin: Rise to Power.

Drawing on three biographies, traces the political career and rise to power of Boris Yeltsin. Provides background on Yeltsin’s early life, education and engineering career and then details his first failed career of 1985-1987 and his second, successful political career after 1989. 11 pages, 19 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.
  $77
 

13397. Hungary and the End of Communism.

Examines the political, social and economic events in Hungary during and after the 1989 overthrow of communist rule. Peaceful political change and successful adaptation to market economics are noted. Hungary's institutional and regional framework for integration into the new Europe is described; the 1989 revolution is described as a success. 10 pages, 15 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources.
  $70
 

13325. The Global Appeal of Communism.

Examines factors contributing to communism's appeal in the twentieth century: social idealism, anti-imperialism, post-colonial politics and the atmosphere of the cold war. The collapse of the Soviet state is seen as marking the demise of communism's appeal worldwide. 9 pages, 11 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.
  $63
 

13307. The Euro: The Eu Currency.

This paper presents an analysis of one of the world's most ambitious political-economic-financial experiments. The paper includes a brief history of the European Union and its attempts to link and stabilize currencies; a history of the new transnational currency "the euro" since conception in 1987 through its initial implementation in January 1999, the pre-birth traumas and successes, the long-term hopes, the short-term fears of possible breakup over various issues including possible shortcomings of the new European Central Bank, problems facing final implementation by July 2002, hopes and fears of the euro's role in international finance and possible competition with the dollar as world's leading currency. KEYWORDS: eu euro currency. 19 pages, 32 footnotes, 24 bibliographic sources.
  $133
 

13305. Khrushchev and the Cuban Missile Crisis.

This term paper examines one aspect of the aftermath of the Cuban missile crisis. Specifically, the analysis considers the main impact/effect Khrushchev had on international relations as a consequence of the Cuban missile crisis. The principal focus of the essay is on how the Cuban missile crisis and its settlement impacted Soviet foreign policy and Soviet relations in the international arena, particularly relations with the United States and, to a lesser extent, China. KEYWORDS: soviet leaders chrushchev cuban missile crisis us-ussr relations soviet foreign policy term paper. APA Style. 9 pages, 29 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.
  $63
 

13167. Swedish High Tech Industry.

This paper provides a description and analysis of the past, present and future of the Swedish high-tech sector. Specific areas considered include electronics, telecommunications; pharmaceuticals (bio-tech), avionics, computing, and engineering. In addition to profiling the structure and composition of Swedish high-tech industries and examining the sector's major strengths and weaknesses, the analysis considers how these industries affect the Swedish economy and the importance of these areas to Sweden's future economic competitiveness. Also included within the analysis is a profile of some of Sweden's high-tech "stars" including Ericsson, Saab, Telia, ABB, and Pharmacia. 26p. + 2-page graphical appendix. 93f., 37b.
  $133
 

13166. Strategic, Tactical, and Geopolitical Background of World War Ii.

The strategic, tactical and geopolitical developments leading to global war are examined. The role of advance planning, new weaponry and logistics, and fascist imperial ambitions in creating a global, multi-front conflict between Axis and Allies is detailed. 9 pages, 10 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.
  $63
 

13164. Events Leading to World War I.

Incisive analysis of the developments precipitating the Great War. Offensive military doctrines, arms buildups, decline of Eastern empires, and a system of treaties binding the Great Powers to mutual defense all seen as playing important roles. The role of new military technology and defensive stalemate is emphasized. 10., 15f., 6b.
  $70
 

13123. Supra-Nationality and the Decline of State Sovereignty: The Case of the European Union (Eu).

This paper examines the EU as a case of globalization. It is argued that both favorable and adverse consequences of globalization can be discerned within the inherent conflict between the state sovereignty of the EU members and the emerging supra-national sovereignty of the EU polity. As background to this analysis, the first part of the paper examines general trends and indications in the decline of state sovereignty which have occurred in tandem with the advance of globalization. A second part examines the history and central features of the EU supranational structure. A third part looks directly at some of the major elements of conflict between EU sovereignty and European state sovereignty. Part four looks briefly at the international implications of the emergence of EU supranational sovereignty. 16 pages, 54 footnotes, 23 bibliographic sources.

TAGS: EU, European Union, supranational organization, supranationality, sovereignty, state sovereigns, governance international politics

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Supranational Organizations Research Paper

  $112
 

13082. "The German Question" (1914-1945).

Argues that there were several factors involved in the rise of the Nazi dictatorship and the onset of the Second World War. These factors included Germany's colonial ambitions, the ineffectualness of the Weimar Republic, economic crises, fears of communism, Hitler's ability to mobilize the public, the support of the lower middle class, the assistance of the ruling elites and big business, and the failure of the European powers to contain Germany's expansion. 21 pages, 80 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources.
  $133
 

12681. Roots of the Cold War.

This paper traces the roots of the superpower struggle to World War II. U.S. containment and deterrence policies are discussed, as well as confrontations between the superpowers and reasons why World War III never happened. 5p, 17f. 6b.
  $35
 

12680. Challenges of the Kaiserreich and Nazi Dictatorship.

The political and economic factors in Germany in the late 19th and early 20th centuries that led from Prussian imperialism to Hitler's rise to power. 9 pages, 37 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.
  $63
 

12678. Constitution of France.

A complete dissection of the Constitution of France, with comparisons to America. Includes historical background of why Constitution of Fifth Republic in 1958 was written and perceived problems it needed to solve, basic principles, Presidential system of Constitution, parliamentary system of Constitution emphasizing restrictions on Parliament, how these systems have balanced in practice, provisions of French Constitution for judiciary, civil liberties, local government, amendment, etc. Conclusion assesses what parts of French Constitution would work in USA (direct election of President) and what wouldn't (most everything else). 14 pages, 34 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.
  $98
 

12662. Marshall Plan & European Recovery.

Summary of what the Marshall Plan was, focusing on statistics of how it aided European progress. Includes background to and development of the Plan, implementation and institutional structures, use of the Plan to create and strengthen institutions of national economic planning and regulation on Keynesian models, the wide-ranging scope of activities financed and promoted, promotion of person-to-person links within various industries, resistance to special interests and protection requests from the U.S. Congress, use of Marshall Plan funds for CIA and covert political activities, statistics on European GNP and investment growth showing how the Marshall Plan coincided with significant increases. Conclusion stresses Marshall Plan as perhaps the greatest act of altruism in human history. 10 pages, 22 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources. 2 additional pages containing 3 statistics tables.
  $70
 

12642. Nuremburg & Other War Crimes Trials.

Good basic summary of these trials, placing them in the context of new legal principles created to in an attempt to raise the standards of human behavior. Includes history of war crimes in international law, wartime discussions of how to proceed with Nazi and Axis leaders, structures and basic summary of the 1945-7 trial of 22 Nazi leaders, legal issues raised in this trial, the Tokyo trial of Japanese leaders 1946-8, additional trials by international tribunals in Europe and Asia, additional trials by national courts in Europe and Asia, subsequent history of trials of WWII criminals, evidence that these trials did establish a precedent that will be applied to all nations in the future. 11 pages, 22 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.
  $77
 

12469. Gitta Sereny's Into That Darkness.

This paper provides a critical review and analysis of journalist Gitta Sereny's 1974 book, Into That Darkness, based on the author's interviews with Franz Stangl, commandant of treblinka, the largest of the five nazi death camps. Following a brief analytical summary of the book, this review presents a critique of the author's efforts to penetrate Stangl's personality and understand the motivations behind his actions. 9 pages, 8 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.
  $63
 

12467. Collaboration With the Nazis - a Comparison of France and Holland.

Examines the development and meaning of the terms collaboration and collaborationaism as they emerged during and after World War II, and compares collaborationist activities of the leading French and Dutch organizations with the occupying German armies. Despite differences in important geographical aspects of occupation it is concluded that the 'structure' of collaboration was quite similar in each country. 11 pages, 18 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.
  $77
 

12465. Differences in Historical Interpretations of Nazism.

An analysis of Ian Kershaw's The Nazi Dictatorship and its thoughtful discourse on the debate between the traditionalist, historicist, "intentionalist" view of Nazism and the more contemporary, "revisionist," structural-methodological approach. 5 pages, 11 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.
  $35
 

12214. The Delights of Vienna.

Looks at the many delights of the Austrian capital. Vienna's historical legacy, its music, food, and tourist attractions, are described. 9 pages, 11 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.
  $63
 

12213. "Memoirs" by Mikhail Gorbachev.

A favorable critique of Gorbachev's autobiography, examining the former Soviet leader's role as a "cold warrior" and his importance in changing the course of the 40-year Cold War. 9 pages, 16 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.
  $63
 

12212. Autocratic Tendencies in the Balkans.

This paper explores autocratic tendencies among the four Balkan countries of Albania, Bulgaria, Romania, and Yugoslavia from the years 1918 to 1970. Discusses similarities and differences in the political, social, economic structure of the four countries. Considers why the Balkans turned to communism and why they failed to establish multi-party democracies, with comparison to Turkey and Greece. 15 pages, 43 footnotes, 22 bibliographic sources.
  $105
 

12180. Rebuilding a National Economy on International Free Trade: Sweden and the Wto.

This paper investigates the economics of trade from the perspective of Sweden's export-led growth under the auspices of the newly-constituted World Trade Organization. To gain a better understanding of the economics of free global trade, the an analysis focuses on one sector of Swedish exports- knowledge-based manufactures- and its relationship to the terms of global trade established and evolving through the World Trade Organization. Includes an overview of the economics of free trade, background on the WTO and its formation, and a profile of world trade in the late 20th century, including a discussion of the politics of free trade. Examines Sweden's position in the international trading economy and presents the rationale for the need for Sweden to rely on higher-level, knowledge-based manufacturers to underpin its future economic growth. 22 pages, 61 footnotes, 32 bibliographic sources.
  $133
 

12043. Survivors Reflect on the Holocaust.

Drawing upon the work of Holocaust survivors Primo Levi, Elie Wiesel and others, this paper considers three issues: 1) how Wiesel's approach to studying the Holocaust differs from Levi's; 2) provides a synthesis and comparison of Wiesel's theme of madness and Levi's concept of the "drowned and the saved," and 3) considers whether or not the Holocaust was merely an extreme expression of what is common to the mainstream of society and therefore not preventable. 16 pages, 25 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.
  $112
 

12042. Immigration and Nationalism in Europe.

Explores the recent convergence of nationalism and anti-immigration movements in Europe, examining in particular some of the conditions which have contributed to this eruption during the past few years. Cites specific examples from France and Germany. 9 pages, 17 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.
  $63
 

12041. Russia, Nato and the New 'Cold Peace': Rethinking European Security in the Post Cold War Era.

Taking the perspective of a policy advisor to President Clinton, this paper considers how the relationship between Russia and NATO should be structured in light of recent plans for NATO expansion and Russian participation in peacekeeping activities. Considers which elements of the NATO-Russia relationship should be formally structured and which should be left to informal arrangements. 10 pages, 35 footnotes, 21 bibliographic sources.
  $70
 

12041A. The Fragmentation of Europe.

Starting from the assumption that the "breakup" of Britain and other European states is no longer as unlikely as it once seemed, this analysis seeks to identify some of the crucial factors that have brought about this state of affairs, looking in particular at the cases of European integration, separatist movements and attendant ethnic/nationalist conflicts, and the pressures of immigration. 9 pages, 24 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.
  $63
 

11984. A New Reunified Germany and East Europe and the Former Soviet Republics.

A brief essay which examines issues involved in the complex relationship between the newly unified Germany and the newly democratizing East. Considers Germany's historical obligations, economic interests, and security concerns with Eastern Europe and the former Soviet republics. 5 pages, 14 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.
  $35
 

11958. Ethnicity and Religion in Serbia and Bosnia.

This paper provides a sophisticated discussion of the ethnic forces, Islamic, Christian and otherwise, that combined to create the devisive nationalist ideologies that led to war in the former Yugoslavia. 25 pages, 57 footnotes, 18 bibliographic sources.
  $133
 

11869. Austria-Hungary and World War I.

This paper examines and analyzes Austria-Hungary and World War I (WWI). Following a background discussion of the framework of the Austria-Hungary dual monarchy and a summary of the monarchy's role in WWI, the concluding analysis considers the reasons behind Austria-Hungary's initiation of WWI, foreign and domestic policy considerations during the war, and the role of various factors in destroying the monarchy and forever obliterating the empire known as Austria-Hungary from the European map. 12 pages, 34 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.
  $84
 

11868. Franz Kafka's Life and Works.

Compares themes in Kafka's works to actual events in Kafka's life with emphasis upon The Metamorphosis. Explores the familial, social, economic, and artistic contexts to his writings. 8 pages, 11 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.
  $56
 

11867. Ataturk & Turkey's Westernization.

Investigation and analysis of Kemal Ataturk's enduring legacy of secularization and democratization in Turkey. Profiles Ataturk's early life, ideology, and military career. Considers the degree of westernization, secularization and democracy prior to the formation of the Turkish republic. Examines in detail Ataturk's reforms aimed at his six principles of republicanism, secularism, nationalism, etatism, populism, and revolution. Assesses the role of Ataturk's reforms in fostering Turkish democracy. 33 pages, 51 footnotes, 17 bibliographic sources.
  $133
 

11864. "Night" by Elie Wiesel.

A summary of Wiesel's book about his experience at Auschwitz concentration camp during WWII. Observes the gradual deterioration of Wiesel and his comrades' will to live. 5 pages, 9 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.
  $35
 

11863. The Fall of Nicholas Ii and the End of the Romanov Dynasty.

Drawing both on fairly recent analysis as well as on established scholarly works on the downfall of the Romanov Dynasty, this paper examines and analyzes the events leading to the fall of Nicholas II and the end of the Romanov Dynasty. Events both prior to Nicholas II's reign (the Decembrist Revolt, the Crimean War, the Emancipation of the Serfs, the rise of nihilism, the assassination of Alexander II, the counter-reforms of Alexander III, industrialization under Alexander III) and during his reign (his unpreparedness for leadership, the Coronation debacle, the Japanese-Russian War, general strikes, Bloody Sunday, the 1905 revolution and the October Manifesto, Rasputin's influence, the Lena Goldfield massacre, World War I) are examined. 35 pages, 43 footnotes, 14 bibliographic sources.
  $133
 

11861. Man's Search for Meaning by Victor Frankl.

Recounts Frankl's concentration camp experience which helped define his form of psychotherapy called "Logotherapy." Describes the principles of Logotherapy in bringing meaning to peoples lives. 6 pages, 15 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.
  $42
 

11860. The Causes of World War Ii.

This paper explores the various factors responsible for starting World War II. Cites the failures of the Treaty of Versailles, the rise of Adolf Hitler, the misguided diplomacy of Appeasement, and economic factors in determining the causes of World War II. 11 pages, 16 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.
  $77
 

11850. Privatization in Eastern Europe and Russia.

This paper provides an analysis of the privatization process in the formerly centrally planned economies of Europe and the present-day Russian Republic. Drawing on specific examples from Hungary, Poland, Germany, the Czech Republic, and Russia, the analysis identifies the key objectives, main methods, and basic issues of privatization in these countries. 7 pages, 21 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.
  $49
 

11727. German Reunification: Problems and Prospects.

Examines the problems, paradoxes and opportunities of German reunification. Looks at domestic problems presented by reunification, including economic, political and social concerns and considers the prospects of a reunified Germany with the New World Order, considering in particular Germany's relationship with the Western European states and its role in Maastricht; the obligations, opportunities and concerns in Germany's relationship with the former Soviet republics and the former Soviet bloc countries; and Germany's changing relationship with the U.S. 40 pages, 77 footnotes, 34 bibliographic sources.
  $133
 
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