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2. ARCHITECTURE


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18784. BUILDING INFORMATION MODELING (BIM) IN CONSTRUCTION.

This paper concerns the ways construction managers can use Building Information Modeling (BIM), a computerized approach to designing and constructing buildings. It is argued that BIM increases collaboration and efficiency while reducing costs. However, effective use of BIM in the future will require a higher level of standardization among the various kinds of software programs that currently exist. TAGS: white paper construction, building design, information technology, building information modeling research paper. APA Style. 16 pages, 43 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources. 3,685 words.
  $112
 

18504. UNCOMMON GROUND BY DAVID LEATHERBARROW.

This paper reviews Uncommon Ground, a book that is concerned with the interrelationship between construction (technology) and place (topography) in modern Western architecture. The reviewer criticizes Leatherbarrow’s writing style and argues that his thesis is not very impressive. Nonetheless, the book is useful because of the information it provides about the style of construction that developed during the late modern period. KEYWORDS: book review architecture history Leatherbarrow. MLA Style. 8 pages, 15 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source. 1,730 words.
  $56
 

18043. “THE ROOTS OF ARCHITECTURAL INVENTION” BY DAVID LEATHERBARROW.

This paper reviews Leatherbarrow's book, in which the author argues that the design of a building is more than just a matter of superficial "style." According to Leatherbarrow, a building's uniqueness is also due to the adaptations that need to be made in terms of its formal elements (site, enclosure, and materials). The review is favorable, noting that Leatherbarrow makes good points and sound arguments; furthermore, the book contains a great deal of useful theoretical and historical information. KEYWORDS: book review architecture building design creativity. MLA Style. 5 pages, 10 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source. 1,270 words.
  $35
 

17330. FINANCING THE CATHEDRAL OF NOTRE DAME.

This paper discusses the views of historians regarding the manner in which the building of the Cathedral of Notre-Dame was financed. The analysis shows that the financial sources included contributions from the King, church funds, collection tours, and donations from rich and poor alike. No evidence is found that construction costs were ever cut through the use of volunteer laborers. Discusses the controversy over the question of whether or not the sale of indulgences played a major role in the construction of the cathedral. KEYWORDS: cathedral construction financing Notre Dame. 8 pages, 29 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources. 1,970 words.
  $56
 

17275. THE EXPRESSION OF AN IDEA IN MODERN ARCHITECTURE: THE BAUHAUS DESSAU COMPLEX AS AN EMBODIMENT OF THE “MACHINE AGE”.

. This paper makes the case that the main building complex at the Bauhaus school in Dessau, Germany was designed by architect Walter Gropius as an embodiment of the virtues of the machine age. The paper discusses Gropius’ views on the idea of the machine and then describes how the architectural elements in the main building complex at Bauhaus Dessau served as an embodiment of the machine age. KEYWORDS: modern architecture Bauhaus Gropius machine age. 12 pages, 26 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources. 3,072 words.
  $84
 

15883. URBANISM AND ARCHITECTURE IN FOUR EUROPEAN COUNTRIES.

This paper focuses on architecture and urbanization in Italy, England, France and Germany, with a special emphasis on the urban communities of Rome, London, Paris and Munich. Includes a discussion of how each city has dealt with the problems of urbanization, and how each city has retained its own unique architectural traditions while at the same time incorporating modern and post-modern architectural trends. 32 pages; 97 footnotes; 26 bibliographic sources.
  $133
 

15863. PYRAMIDS IN PRE-COLUMBIAN AMERICA, EGYPT, AND MESOPOTAMIA.

This paper compares the pyramidal structures in these three cultures and argues that, in terms of architectural features and ritual functions, the Pre-Columbian pyramids have more in common with the Mesopotamian ziggurats than with the Egyptian pyramids. 13 pages; 24 footnotes; 10 bibliographic sources.
  $91
 

15846. ARCHITECTURE AND URBANISM IN CHICAGO AND VERSAILLES.

This paper provides an historical overview of Chicago and Versailles, with a comparison of each city's architectural features and elements of urban design. Of the two cities, it is argued that Chicago displays much more diversity in terms of architectural style. 16 pages; 53 footnotes; 19 bibliographic sources.
  $112
 

15839. SEISMIC SAFETY: HOSPITAL REBUILDING PROGRAM IN CALIFORNIA.

This paper is concerned with the California state requirement for hospital buildings to meet seismic safety standards following the 1994 Northridge earthquake. Despite the high costs of rebuilding, the state failed to provide funding, and there are uncertainties regarding the availability of federal funding. The paper includes various recommendations for making the program run more smoothly. Written 2003. 23 pages; 56 footnotes; 18 bibliographic sources. 5,309 words.
  $133
 

15520. THE TAJ MAHAL.

Describes the 17th Century work of architecture and discusses the debate over its meaning. Various interpretations are discussed, including Begley's view that the building symbolically represents Islamic religious concepts. It is concluded that more than one interpretation on the building's meaning and influences may be correct at the same time. 16 pages, 51 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.
  $112
 

15151. COMPARISON OF THE TEMPLE OF ATHENA NIKE (GREEK) AND THE TEMPLE OF FORTUNA VIRILIS (ROMAN).

The buildings are similar because they are both based on the Ionic order. Yet, they are different because, among other things, the Roman friezes are decorative rather than commemorative, and the Roman structure includes embedded (rather than freestanding) columns on its sides. 8 pages, 17 footnotes, 8 bibliographic references.
  $56
 

14065. COMPARISON OF TWO MONUMENTS IN ROME.

The Ara Pacis Augustae (a classical monument) is compared to the Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus (a post-classical monument). Both works show the influence of the Attic (classical Greek) style, but differences can also be found in how the relief figures are carved and in their themes. 12 pages, 37 footnotes, 10 bibliographic references.
  $84
 

13946. ANTONIO GAUDI.

A discussion of the modernist Catalonian architect, with emphasis on his organic, or naturalistic style. Studies four of his buildings in order to show his imitation of nature, and also describes his unique method for making architectural models. 11 pages, 37 footnotes, 9 bibliographic references.
  $77
 

13644. John Vanbrugh.

Life and career of the seventeenth-century Englishman, including a discussion of the relationship between his work as a playwright and his work as an architect. Also discusses how he made his buildings appear “dramatic” by using the baroque style. 5 pages, 21 footnotes, 5 bibliographic references.
  $35
 

13612. THE ARCHITECTURE OF PRE-COLUMBIAN MEXICO.

A particular style, which was influenced by religious beliefs, can be seen in the ceremonial centers of the Olmec, Maya, Toltec and Aztec cultures. This paper discusses both monumental works and residences, and covers such topics as city organization and wall decorations. In addition, examples are drawn from various sites throughout the region. 16 pages, 72 footnotes in text, 10 bibliographic sources.
  $112
 

13463. VERSAILLES.

Looks that the main contributors and main themes behind the palaces, gardens and grounds at Versailles. The whole is considered as a state monument to the glory of Louis XIV; influence of LeVau, LeNotre, Lebrun, Mansart and other key figures are noted. The use of royal building as an expression of statemanship is noted; Versailles is seen as the origin of the multi-area "theme park" of ideas. 9 pages, 14 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.
  $63
 

13405. ROME AND THE NEOCLASSICAL REVIVAL.

The lure of Rome for artists, scholars and travelers in the eighteenth and nineteenth century is examined in this paper. The rise of Rome as the central repository of Renaissance and the Baroque masterworks, as well as its position as the site of ruins and statuary from the classical, is described. Various aspects of Neoclassical style and taste as they relate to the art and culture of eighteenth and nineteenth are noted. Keywords: Italy artistic revival Neoclassicism. 14 pages; 14 footnotes; 9 bibliographic sources.
  $98
 

13288. CLASSICISM IN MODERN ARCHITECTURE.

Examines the influence of the classical orders and models in modern architecture; contrasts the use of classical proportion and stability in modernist architecture with the ironic use of classical ornament and element in post-modernism. 10 pages, 12 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.
  $70
 

13287. PHILOSOPHY IN ARCHITECTURE.

Examines the use of philosophy to develop architectural ideas; historical ideas of philosophy are related to architectural schools, from Classical to Gothic to Modern and post-Modern. 10 pages, 14 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.
  $70
 

13261. FORMAL GARDENS OF 18TH CENTURY ANNAPOLIS.

Study of archaeological findings at garden sites, and evidence that perspectives were used to emphasize the wealth and power of the builders, and thus confirm their right to govern others. 16 pages, 51 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.
  $112
 

13213. THE EVOLUTION OF THE DORIC TEMPLE IN GREECE.

How the Doric order of architecture developed in ancient Greece, from earliest times to the "Golden Age" and the building of the Parthenon. 11 pages, 45 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.
  $77
 

13188. THE PYRAMID COMPLEX AT GIZA.

A discussion of the architectural features of this ancient Egyptian site. Includes a discussion of the Valley Temple, the Sphinx, and the interior and exterior of the Great Pyramid of Khufu. Also refers to speculations on the purpose of the pyramids and how they were constructed. 10 pages, 38 footnotes in text, 5 bibliographic sources
  $70
 

13093. LANDSCAPES AND GARDENS OF THE MANSIONS OF THE AMERICAN SOUTH.

Emphasizing the American tendency to mix styles, this paper discusses settlement in the South, the early use of gardens, and the evolution from the use of geometric patterns to a more naturalistic approach. Also describes the influence of Thomas Jefferson, and discusses several specific landscapes and how their designers obtained their ideas. 15 pages, 61 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.
  $105
 

12353. THE NATIONAL CATHEDRAL IN WASHINGTON, D.C.

A study of this building, which imitates the medieval Gothic style. Covers the history of the building, and discusses how the merging of unity and diversity is an expression of American values. 6 pages, 22 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.
  $42
 

12150. PTOLMEIC ART.

11p. See Section 3: Art.
  $77
 

11802. ISLAMIC CALLIGRAPHY AT ALHAMBRA AND TOPKAPI SARAI.

Examines the principles, methods, and appearance of Islamic calligraphy. Frequent icons in Islamic calligraphy are explored. Includes the history of the building of the Alhambra and Topkapi Sarai temples. 12 pages, 41 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.
  $84
 

11714. ROMANTIC ARCHITECTURE.

Examines the romantic period in architecture and discusses its expression in the Gothic Revival, the Picturesque, and variations on the Neoclassical revivals of ancient Greek and Roman styles. Discusses specific examples of the style designed by A.W.N. Pugin, John Nash, Alexander Jackson Davis and others. 7 pages, 17 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.
  $49
 

11640. THE ARCHITECTURE OF THE RENAISSANCE IN ITALY.

Knowledgeable essay on Renaissance architecture, organized around the concept of the supposed return to classical Roman values which animated the artists and critics of the time. Covers Alberti, Brunelleschi, Michaelangelo and others. 12p., Notes in Text, 10b.
  $84
 

11163. ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE IN CAIRO (641 THROUGH MIDDLE AGES).

From the founding of the city by Arab invaders up to the Ottoman Empire. History of the four cities that were the basis for modern Cairo and of public architecture built by the foreign conquerors living in relative isolation among the indigenous population. Discusses the nature of an "Islamic" city as an expression of Islamic community and as characterized by related styles of architecture found in cities of North Africa and the Middle East. 19 pages, 52 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources.
  $133
 

11158. CONSTANTINE THE GREAT AND HIS INFLUENCES ON ART AND ARCHITECTURE.

Looks at the life and times of the 4th Century Roman emperor, tracing his dynasty and viewing his impact on art and architecture in the eastern and western churches after Christianity was adopted by Rome. 9 pages, 12 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.
  $63
 

11154. SCULPTURAL PROGRAMS OF THE PARTHENON AND AMIENS CATHEDRAL.

Meanings of the groups of religious figures (pagan gods and Christian saints) and their meanings for the ordinary people who viewed them. Compares the religious and civic aims of the sculptural programs. 5 pages, 11 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.
  $35
 

11150. ROMAN ART AND ARCHITECTURE AS POLITICAL PROPAGANDA IN THE AGE OF CAESAR AND AUGUSTUS.

The use of public monuments, private decorative arts, and sculpture to present Augustus' ideal of Rome as ruler of the worlds and himself as its leader- from the time of his wars with Marc Antony through the end of his reign. 7 pages, 18 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources. + list of illustrations references.
  $49
 

11014. THE GOTHIC CATHEDRAL.

Analyzes the Gothic cathedral in context of social, religious and architectural constructs. Technical and artistic innovations are linked to improvements in construction and new ethical and moral values. 5 pages, 23 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.
  $35
 

11012. FRANK GEHRY'S CALIFORNIA AEROSPACE MUSEUM

Describes building and site, Gehry's work methods, other projects, the influence of L.A. on his style. Analyzes the museum and relates its elements of deconstructionism, whimsy, economy, and interaction with the site to his other work. 9 pages, 4 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.
  $63
 

10631. WALTER GROPIUS.

The life and work of the 20th century German architect are examined, with a focus on his doctrine of functionalism in the use of materials such as reinforced concrete, steel, and glass. The great influence of his Bauhaus school and International style are noted. 10 pages, 14 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.
  $70
 

10580. MOGHUL ARCHITECTURE.

Looks at the major buildings and styles of the Moghul architecture of 16th and 17th century India. The Taj Mahal is viewed as the culmination and epitome of the Moghul style of Indo-Islamic architecture. 10 pages, 14 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.
  $70
 

10485. VERSAILLES UNDER LOUIS XIII AND LOUIS XIV (THE PALACE AND GARDENS OF VERSAILLES).

The differing usage of the palace and gardens of Versailles under the Bourbon Kings is explored. Louis XIII's original hunting lodge, Louis XIV grand expansion into the symbol of absolutism, and later attempts to restore the rustic simplicity of the original hunting grounds are noted for social and political significance. 18 pages, 21 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.
  $126
 

10472. THE CHURCH OF THE MONASTERY AT DAPHNI.

The design, construction, and interior decoration of an important Middle Byzantine church are analyzed in detail. Greek and Constantinopolitan influences on the famous mosaics of the church are noted. 10 pages, 14 footnotes, 7 bibliographic sources.
  $70
 

10470. THE DOME OF ST. SOPHIA CATHEDRAL.

The design, construction and decoration of the great central of the Hagia Sophia church in Istanbul are looked at from the perspective of a 6th Century builder. 5 pages, 9 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.
  $35
 

10454. TEMPLE ARCHITECTURE OF THE COPPER AGE: THE TEMPLES OF MALTA.

Considers the history of temple building in the Copper Age, the type of construction used, the purposes of the construction, and the reasons the construction came to an end. Some speculation concerning the customs of the ancient Maltese is included. 10 pages, 29 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.
  $70
 

10388. SPACE, COLOR, AND MOOD IN ARCHITECTURE.

The role of spatial form and color in the creation of psychological moods is discussed in building. Contrasts between classical, renaissance and modern treatments of space and color are noted. 7p.,11p., 7b.
  $49
 

10321. EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE EVALUATION.

Following a brief discussion of the importance of employee performance appraisals and their central objectives, the paper discusses some of the major problems with traditional approaches and presents alternative strategies to improving the process. 5 pages, 16 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.
  $35
 

10213. THE TEMPLES OF JERUSALEM.

History and description of the great Temples of Solomon and Herod in ancient Jerusalem. Focuses on the structure, ritual functions, and historical significance of the Temple as a symbol of Jewish monotheism. 11 pages, 25 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.
  $77
 

09849. BUILDING MAINTENANCE MANAGEMENT.

This paper provides an overview and analysis of the responsibilities of the modern building maintenance manager in three areas: budgeting and finance, maintenance organization and scheduling, and building health and safety inspections. 11 pages, 19 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.
  $77
 

09654. A CONTEMPORARY CALIFORNIA LANDSCAPE.

Examines the prominent design features and landscape elements of the MAGC garden in Ross, California, to show how a typical American garden of the eclectic style successfully incorporates ideas and images from various schools of landscape painting and architecture. 12 pages, 13 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.
  $84
 

09653. HADRIAN'S VILLA: A PALACE IN TIVOLI.

Analyzes the history, design, setting and construction of this complex palace setting in the rolling countryside of Tivoli. 5 pages, 4 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.
  $35
 

09518. ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN OF HEALTH CARE DELIVERY SYSTEMS.

Explores the various health issues involved in the architectural design of health care delivery systems, and relates these issues to the larger problems of environmental design and workplace health. 10 pages, 12 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.
  $70
 

09254. A PERSONAL VIEW OF GROPIUS AND THE BAUHAUS INFLUENCE.

Reviews the work and considers the influence of Walter Gropius and his Bauhaus school on modern architecture. 4 pages, 7 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.
  $28
 

09253. LEGAL LIABILITY OF DESIGN PROFESSIONALS.

Overview of current liability issues for architects, including their relationship with owners, relationship with contractors, duty to uphold local codes and specifications, and responsibility for injury due to the presence of hazardous materials. Considers trends in the industry, including spiraling insurance rates and the move towards the design-build method of providing service as a way to limit liability. 10 pages, 19 footnotes, 16 bibliographic sources.
  $70
 

08854. THE SUITABILITY OF ADOBE ARCHITECTURE TO THE AMERICAN SOUTHWEST.

The suitability of unbaked earth building methods to the climate of the Southwest is analyzed. New Mexico and California styles in particular are examined. 7 pages, 10 foootnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.
  $49
 

08603. MODULAR HOUSING.

A survey of modular construction techniques in residential building. The history of modular housing is briefly reviewed, and techniques used in Japan, Scandinavia, and America are reviewed. 24 pages, 26 footnotes, 13 bibliographic sources.
  $133
 

08586. FACTORS AFFECTING URBAN DEVELOPMENT.

Reviews the major factors affecting the development of urban systems, include the traditional historical development of large cities from towns as well as more contemporary urban network systems. The study seeks to determine the best methods of planning for an orderly and purposive growth process. 32 pages, 30 footnotes, 11 bibliographic sources.
  $133
 

08530. TOWARD AN ARCHITECTURE OF THE FUTURE.

Examines the role of information technology as a driving force in modern architectural design. Argues that the influence of electronic technology is likely to cause a reversal of previous trends toward skyscraper and highrises. 6 pages, 7 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.
  $42
 

08529. THE URBAN ENVIRONMENT.

A general study of the relationship of man to his urban environment. Utopian thinking and complex realities are contrasted, and the conflict between creativity and crowding is discussed. 9 pages, 9 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.
  $63
 

08371. THE GOLDEN GATE BRIDGE.

Discussion of plans for, controversy surrounding, and eventual construction and opening of the Golden Gate Bridge. 6 pages, 8 footnotes, 1 bibliographic sources.
  $42
 

08069. RENAISSANCE WOODWORKING AND TOOLS.

A study of the rapid growth in the applications and sophistication of woodworking art during the Renaissance. The increase in large-scale wooden constructions, fine wooden furniture, and new woodworking arts, as well as the tool and engineering advances of the period are covered. 11 pages, 11 footnotes, 10 bibliographic sources.
  $77
 

07148. LEGAL LIABILITY OF THE DESIGN PROFESSIONAL.

Summary of the many and various failings of architects which could result in lost lawsuits, with many examples of cases cited. Licensing errors, non-commencement, certification errors, property losses, design defects, and precautionary steps to prevent lawsuits are among the topics covered. 9 pages, 8 footnotes, 1 bibliographic source.
  $63
 

07117. THE HISTORY OF CAST IRON IN ARCHITECTURE.

Well-written history of the use of cast iron as a building material (both structural and ornamental) from the first bridges of the 1700s through the "Age of Cast Iron Buildings 1800-80," to replacement by steel end-1800s, also ornamental uses in France and Latin countries. 10 pages, 16 foonotes, 3 bibliographic sources.
  $70
 

07084. "A THEORY OF GOOD CITY FORM" BY KEVIN LYNCH (A REVIEW).

Very good review and summary of this book which attempts to provide a normative, humane scale for judging urban design. Lynch is very concerned with flexibility, human scale, allowing humans to decide on their own values, how the design actually performs. Good exercise in the problems of deriving objective criteria from what remains, at bottom, a matter of subjective taste. 8 pages, 1 footnote, 1 bibliographic source. Notes in text.
  $56
 

07004. THE INFLUENCE OF WILLIAM MORRIS.

Full biography and analysis of the philosophy and design methods/styles of William Morris, famous pioneer in Gothic revival, arts and craftsmanship, romanticism in general, saving old buildings, etc. Analyzes both his positive and negative effect on history of the arts in Great Britain and Europe, also through Frank Lloyd Wright to much modern architecture and design. 9 pages, 12 footnotes, 9 bibliographic sources.
  $63
 

07003. THE SWIMMING POOL IN LANDSCAPE DESIGN.

Full overview of the history of the swimming pool, from Greco-Roman times to the modern rediscovery, recent trends in landscape architecture with pools vs. the tight budgets of many homeowners. 5 pages, 9 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.
  $35
 

06606. THE PHAROS OF ALEXANDRIA.

The history of the monumental lighthouse built in Alexandria by the Ptolomies in the 3rd century B.C., looking at the construction of the structure and its ultimate destruction many centuries later by the Arab conquerors. 14 pages, 14 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.
  $98
 

06605. THE TEMPLE OF RAMESSES II.

A good examination of the architecture and sculpture of the great funerary temple of Ramesses II, focusing on the monumental aspirations of late New Kingdom building under that King. 5 pages, 5 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.
  $35
 

06309. ST. MARK'S CHURCH IN VENICE.

St. Mark's Church in Venice is examined with reference to its attributes that characterize it as a Byzantine Church drawing inspiration from Constantinople. The paper argues that the church is a product of the architectural period known as the second golden age of Byzantine art. 5 pages, 8 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.
  $35
 

06306. THE ALTAR OF PERGAMON.

An examination of the Altar of Pergamon in the context of the Hellenistic temple state of Pergamon in which it was built. Both the influences on the impact that Pergamon and the Hellenistic Greeks had on the Romans are examined. 9 pages, 9 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.
  $63
 

06305. CLIMATE + ARCHITECTURAL TRADITIONS.

Climate is one of the principal factors which influences traditional building design. This paper reviews the relation between climatic variables and comfort for the occupants of a structure. Design responses in adapting buildings to climate are also discussed. 10 pages, 9 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.
  $70
 

06304. SUBSURFACE CONSTRUCTION.

This paper reviews some types of subsurface construction as they have developed in various localities. Structural features of such underground spaces are considered in addition to special characteristics of the subsurface environment. Modern interest in subterranean facilities is discussed, particularly in terms of possible energy saving. 10 pages, 9 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.
  $70
 

06301. THE TEMPLE OF ANGKOR WAT AND THE ESSENCE OF KHMER CIVILIZATION.

This paper provides an overview of the great Khmer temple Angkor Wat both in terms of its physical attributes and its importance to Khmer civilization. The paper concludes that the temple became a focal point of the Khmer civilization, and to it they sacrificed their national and cultural wealth, accelerating the decline of their civilization. 6 pages, 9 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.
  $42
 

06149. LE CORBUSIER.

Detailed study of the life and ideals of this famous architect. Gives a brief biography, and a discussion of his principles as found in his 1923 book "Towards a New Architecture." Favorable assessment of his role as pioneer in his field. 14 pages, 15 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.
  $98
 

06082. THE CHEST FROM MEDIEVAL TO MODERN TIMES.

Solid study of the history and evolution of this basic piece of furniture; chests, ornamentation, drawers, sideboards, modern design styles. 9 pages, 10 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.
  $63
 

06048. A COMPARISON OF TWO SAN FRANCISCO VICTORIAN HOUSES.

The two houses in question are in Pacific Heights and Eureka Valley. Styles and workmanship are described in marvelous detail. 7 pages, 19 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.
  $49
 

05819. "GULLIVER'S" AND "TIA MARIA."

The design and decor in two theme restaurants. A detailed description and comparison of the two restaurants. 10p.
  $70
 

05791. THE MISSION STYLE AND THE SPANISH REVIVAL IN CALIFORNIA ARCHITECTURE.

A look at the origin and the periodic revivals of the Spanish style of architecture in California between 1880 and 1914 and its relation to other architectural schools. 11p. 17b. 10f.
  $77
 

05313. MICHELANGELO AND ARCHITECTURE.

A paper exploring how Michelangelo's art and architecture are linked by a common ethic. Several examples are quoted. His stormy relationships with several of the Popes are documented. 7 pages, 8 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.
  $49
 

05309. THE ALTAR OF PEACE OF AUGUSTUS: ARA PACIS.

A description of the altar built after the crushing of a revolt in Spain and its most notable artistic features. 6 pages, 4 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.
  $42
 

05308. CHARTRES CATHEDRAL.

A cogent analysis of the history and architecture of the famous Gothic cathedral. The design and construction of the two West Towers, the significance of the sculptural decoration and its narrative allegory, and the interior design and stained glass windows are all looked at in detail. 8 pages, 8 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.
  $56
 

05273. SAN FRANCISCO'S GOLDEN GATE PARK.

The history and development of the facilities in Golden Gate Park are given a brief recounting in this essay. Attention is given to botanical features in particular. 5p., Of., lb.
  $35
 

05215. GREEK THEATRE AND ROMAN COLISEUM.

A comparison of the styles and construction methods of the theater at Epidaurus in Greece and the coliseum in Rome. The open design of the Greek structure is opposed to the closed construction of the Roman building. 5 pages, 4 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.
  $35
 

05087. 18TH CENTURY FRENCH FURNITURE.

The origins of the Regency style in the late Louis XIV style, and the innovations in designs and materials during the Louis XV and Louis XVI eras are discussed. The greatest cabinetmakers of the century are examined, and the influence of Napoleon and Josephine on the early Empire styles is noted in this comprehensive study. 15 pages, 13 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.
  $105
 

05086. VICTORIAN HOUSES OF SAN FRANCISCO.

An interesting history of the building and construction methods of the Victorian houses in the city, with descriptions of various styles and ornaments. Recent trends in restoration are examined and other Bay area Victorians are discussed. 9 pages, 9 footnotes, 2 bibliographic sources.
  $63
 

05038. DOMESTIC ARCHITECTURE IN IRAN AND AMERICA.

A comparison of the domestic architecture in the desert country of Iran and the Southwestern United States. The functions of pools, gardens and courtyards are considered in both contexts, and building techniques are compared. A well-documented essay. 11 pages, 17 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.
  $77
 

04960. PROBATION SERVICES IN CALIFORNIA.

The historical origins of the probation concept and the evolution of the existing system in California are discussed in this paper. The philosophy of probation ", the bureaucracy of the system, and the current criticism of that system are also considered; probation is seen as an effective alternative to incarceration. 12 pages, 17 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.
  $84
 

04863. ARCHITECT AS ARTIST: PAOLO SOLERI.

A look at the creator of Arcology, with a biographical notice of his life and a discussion of his model city, Arcosanti. Soleri is seen as a visionary architect and artist, bringing man's technological inventiveness in harmony with his natural creative instincts. 5 pages, 3 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.
  $35
 

04828. FRANK LLOYD WRIGHT'S USONIAN HOUSES.

The American architect's low-cost housing designs are considered within the framework of his aesthetic canon on organic architecture. The development of the style is traced from the first Usonian house coming out of the Prairie School to the more advanced domestic architecture. 4 pages, 6 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.
  $28
 

04822. THE MEANING OF STONEHENGE.

The mystery of Stonehenge is deciphered in terms of anthropological data on the late Stone Age and early Bronze Age peoples of Great Britain. The astrological and archeological evidence for the Hawkins theory of solstice regularity is confirmed. 5 pages, 8 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.
  $35
 

04691. THE IMAGE OF THE SUBURBAN AMERICAN HOUSE.

The development of the suburban house since 1900 is examined in the works of Wright, the International School and the modern California architects. The trends in modern architecture are noted. 9 pages, 8 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.
  $63
 

04689. FRANK LLOYD WRIGHT.

The domestic architecture of the Prairie School is examined in its development from the turn of the century to World War I. The principles of organic architecture and functional simplicity in his houses are observed. l0 pages, 11 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.
  $70
 

04604. THE CHICAGO SCHOOL.

The European antecedents and technical basis of the Chicago school are examined. Works by Janney, Richardson and Sullivan are brief ly discussed. 3p.; Of.; lb.
  $21
 

04603. SAN FRANCISCO'S PALACE OF FINE ARTS.

Interesting architectural history of this elegant building constructed for the 1915 Panama Exposition; planning, architecture, uses, neglect and reconstruction. 6 pages, 11 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.
  $42
 

04366. ARCHITECTURAL CONTRACTING AND OVERALL DESIGN IN EUROPE AND THE UNITED STATES: A COMPARISON.

An in-depth criticism of the American Failure in city planning, contrasted with European tradition of unified town planning and the entrepreneurial method of urban building. A history of the European tradition from Roman times is included, as well as a discussion of the emergence of urban renewal and city planning in America. 27p.; Of.; 3b.
  $133
 

04328. ROMANESQUE AND GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE.

This study compares the Romanesque and Gothic styles, and traces the evolution from the Byzantine-influenced Romanesque to the imposing High Gothic cathedral. 5 pages, 0 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.
  $35
 

04145. THE ROMAN FORUM.

The role and significance of the Roman Forum in the religious and economics of the Republic and the Empire are viewed. The transformation of the forum into a center of wealth and social life in the "heart and brain" of the Empire is discussed, and the splendor of the architecture praised. 7 pages, 20 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.
  $49
 

04033. THE NORMAN TRANSFORMATION OF HIGH GOTHIC: THE CHOIR OF BAYEUX CATHEDRAL.

An examination in depth of the Norman variation of the High Gothic Style, concentrating on the plan of the choir of Bayeux Cathedral, its buttresses, radiating chapels, apse, pinnacle and especially the darker, medieval effect of the Norman style. 9 pages, 7 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.
  $63
 

03979. EARTHQUAKES AND LAND USE IN CALIFORNIA.

A comprehensive treatment of earthquakes and fault lines in California with a treatment of building codes, safety standards and earthquake-proofing of buildings, dams, freeways and bridges. 5 pages, 34 footnotes, 32 bibliographic sources.
  $35
 

03857. THE ARA PACIS OF AUGUSTUS.

An in-depth description of the Ara Pacis, or "Altar of Peace," with a discussion of the reliefs and a general history of the piece. 7 pages, 6 footnotes, 3 bibliographic sources.
  $49
 

03850. THE CONCEPT OF IMPERIAL POWER IN THE MONUMENTS OF AUGUSTUS AND CONSTANTINE.

A comparison of the Ara Pacis of Emperor Augustus with the Arch of Constantine, with detailed description. 4 pages, 8 footnotes, 4 bibliographic sources.
  $28
 

03821. THE SEEDS OF MODERNISM IN FIN-DE-SIECLE ARCHITECTURES.

A thoroughly documented history of fin-de-siecle architecture. outlining the ideas of Norris and Ruskin and the ways in which they were implemented by buildings of Shaw, Voysey and the Art Nouveau designers. 11 pages, 62 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.; 5 plates and glossary of terms.
  $77
 

03785. CLASSICAL INFLUENCES IN THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA LIBRARY.

A technical discussion of the various styles and influences in the neo-classical U. C. Library, with a criticism of the classic revival in general. 6 pages, 1 footnote, 1 bibliographic source.
  $42
 

03775. SETTING AND THEME IN BERNINI'S ARCHITECTURE.

A study of Bernini's architectural work, ranging from his fountains, tombs and small chapels to his churches and monumental pieces. Included are discussions of the Cathedral Petri and the Colonnade of St. Peter's, as well as incidents in Bernini's 1ife. 10 pages, 11 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.
  $70
 

03762. TRAJAN'S COLUMN.

The characterization and costuming depicted on the sculptural monument of the Roman Emperor's Dacian campaigns are discussed in detail. 7p.; 8f,; 3b.
  $49
 
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